Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SI-2021-53/2123 – Updated – measures in Slovenia
|Country||Slovenia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 30 December 2021 – 11 April 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Remuneration and rewards for workers in essential services
|Author||Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||09 January 2022 (updated 22 June 2022)|
In November 2021, the government announced negotiations with trade unions in the health and social care sector. It promised wage increases for nurses and care workers from 4 to 25%. The government hopes that the agreement will prevent the migration of health and care workers to better-paid jobs in other sectors or foreign countries. Claiming that the agreement distorts pay relations in the health sector, the trade union of doctors and dentists started a campaign for better pay. A result is a much-contested statutory provision within the tenth anti-COVID-19 law (ZDUPŠOP), which provides doctors and dentists with a temporary exemption from the Public Sector Salary System Act (Zakon o sistemu plač v javnem sektorju, ZSPJS).
The trade union requested the exit of doctors and dentists from the public sector salary system, contesting the maximum salary threshold for the top health workers. In the Public Sector Salary System Act (ZSPJS), the highest wage bracket a doctor or a dentist can attain is the 57th wage bracket (€3,960 gross salary). The tenth anti-COVID-19 law (ZDUPŠOP) gives group E1 (doctors and dentists) a possibility to be promoted up to the 63rd wage bracket. It is a temporary measure until 31 December 2022. Raising their salaries by 25%, the measure may benefit about 35% of all doctors and dentists currently in the 57th wage brackets. Other trade unions claim the statutory provision abuses COVID-19 emergency law and deprives other public employees of the right to promotion. They announced to file a lawsuit in the Constitutional Court.
The tenth anti-COVID-19 law (ZDUPŠOP) also exempt the directors of firefighting and rescue units involved in the prevention of COVID-19 infections from the Public Sector Salary System Act . They are entitled to allowance for work in risky conditions, 65% of their hourly rate salaries for half of the regular working hours. It is a retroactive measure, valid from 19 October 2020 to 15 June 2021.
The measure may benefit about 35% of all doctors and dentists currently in the 57th wage bracket.
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The law was adopted without prior consultation with the Economic and Social Council. Its functioning has been blocked since 14 May 2021, when trade unions left the council. The reason for obstruction is a dispute with the government about the role of social partners. While the government claims that social partners have only a consultative role, trade unions request negotiations. According to trade unions, the government negates the fundamental principles of the social dialogue.
The tenth anti-COVID-19 law (ZDUPŠOP) provoked harsh reactions of trade unions. Trade unions (The Association of Free Trade Union, ZSSS and Confederation of Slovenian Trade unions PERGAM) wrote that the government had breached the rules on tripartite negotiations by sending the draft law in the parliamentary procedure without negotiating it with the Economic and Social Council. According to the same source, the government has no wish to restore tripartite social dialogue and intends to exclude social partners from all legislative drafting procedures. Trade unions expressed concerns that COVID-19 emergency laws are abused for changing ‘systemic laws’.
The exemption from the Public Sector Salary System Act (ZSPJS) for doctors and dentists raised particularly harsh reactions. Trade unions claim the provision abuses COVID-19 emergency law and deprives other public employees of the right to promotion. They announced to file a lawsuit in the Constitutional Court.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities||Q86 Human health activities|
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
Eurofound (2022), Promotion of wage bracket for doctors and dentists, measure SI-2021-53/2123 (measures in Slovenia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2021-53_2123.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.