European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure GR-2020-12/666 Updated – measures in Greece

Operation of businesses with safe operation staff

Αρθρο 9, 'Λειτουργία επιχειρήσεων με προσωπικό ασφαλούς λειτουργίας', Πράξη Νομοθετικού Περιεχομένου (ΠΝΠ) , Αρ. Φύλλου 68, 20.03.2020

Country Greece , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 20 March 2020 – 15 June 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Mobilisation of a larger workforce
Author Penny Georgiadou (INE GSEE)
Measure added 16 April 2020 (updated 17 May 2021)

Background information

By virtue of the Legislative Act 20 March 2020/2020, "Urgent measures to address the consequences of the spread of COVID-19 coronavirus, to support the society and entrepreneurship, and to safeguard the smooth operation of the market and public administration", all businesses, and for a period not exceeding six (6) months from 20 March 2020, may unilaterally, appoint personnel for the secure operation of the business.

(Art. 9, Legislative Act of 20.03.2020)

Content of measure

In the context of emergency and interim measures in the labour market for dealing with and limiting the spread of COVID-19 coronavirus, the employer may unilaterally appoint personnel for the secure operation as such:

  • Each employee may be employed for a minimum period of two (2) weeks with a reference period of one month on a continuous or intermittent basis;
  • The above way of organizing the work is organized on a weekly basis and includes at least 50% of the business staff;
  • An employer who applies this way of organizing the work should maintain the same number of employees employed at the start of implementation of the measure.

More specifically and according to the Ministerial Decision No. 13564/Δ1.4770/2020, employers shall submit to the ERGANI platform, the special document named "FORM 4.3 PERSONNEL TABLE FOR SAFETY OPERATION PERSONNEL'', within the first 10 days of the month following the one of the implementation of the measure.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

15 June 2020

This measure was abolished by Article 31 of Law 4690-2020, so as of 15 June 2020 it is no longer in force.

Use of measure

No available information

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Company / Companies
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


There is no any involvement of social partners

Views and reactions

No involvement


  • 20 March 2020: Act of Legislative Content on “Urgent measures to address the consequences of the spread of the coronavirus COVID-19, to support society and entrepreneurship and to ensure the smooth functioning of the market and public administration.” (O.G A’ 68/20-3-2020) (
  • 29 May 2020: The provision for the operation of operations with safe operating personnel is repealed (Καταργείται η διάταξη της ΠΝΠ 20.3.2020 για τη λειτουργία επιχειρήσεων με προσωπικό ασφαλούς λειτουργία (


Eurofound (2020), Operation of businesses with safe operation staff, measure GR-2020-12/666 (measures in Greece), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.