Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IT-2020-36/1182 – Updated – measures in Italy
|Country||Italy , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 September 2020 – 30 June 2021|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Change of work arrangements (working time, rota schemes)
|Author||Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||24 September 2020 (updated 14 September 2021)|
The Ministry for Education, as according to the provisions contained in the Ministerial Decree No. 80, issued on 3 August 2020, commits itself to promote, support and monitor the implementation of a series of new measures in all the schools belonging to the national education system, to ensure a safe restart of the scholastic year 2020/21.
This protocol aims to give full application to the health and safety guidelines contained in the 'Technical document on the hypothesis of remodeling the prevention measures in the school sector' , provided by the Technical Scientific Committee set up on purpose at the Department for Civil Protection on 28 May 2020.
Finally, it delegates the definition of all the aspects concerning the organisation of work and terms and conditions of employment for the personnel in the education sector to the collective bargaining.
The agreement contains a set of rules to apply in all the schools, to guarantee a safe start of the scholastic year 2020/21. In particular, it introduced the following safety measures:
The measures apply to the whole personnel working in the education sector (NACE code 85) in Italy, which amounts to around 1.6 million people according to the Istat (Italian National Institute of Statistics) data warehouse. Indirectly, the measures affect also the children attending the schools and their parents (for instance in case of positivity of a students in a class, restrictions apply to the whole class).
||Does not apply to businesses||
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The trade unions participated in the negotiation of the Protocol, as established by the legislation regulating the social dialogue in the public sector. According to the legislative framework the trade unions have the right to be informed, consulted, and to negotiate in all the matters concerning the organisation of work, along with the terms and conditions of employment. Again in compliance with the legislative setting, only the representative trade unions have been involved, namely FLC-CGIL, FSUR CISL, FED UIL SCUOLA RUA, CONFSAL SNALS, ANIEF, ANP – CIDA, DIRIGENTISCUOLADi.S.Conf
The trade unions are supportive: they actively participated in the definition of the protocol. Furthermore, the memorandum will delegate to the collective bargaining the definition of the new measures concerning the organisation of work, the provisions regarding the smart work for the fragile workers and the terms and conditions of employment.
This case is not sector-specific.
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Cleaners and helpers|
Eurofound (2020), New health and safety regulation for the schools, measure IT-2020-36/1182 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IT-2020-36_1182.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.