European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case SK-2018-12/1071 – measures in Slovakia

Agreements between Slovnaft MOL management and local trade unions

Dohody medzi manažmentom podniku Slovnaft MOL a ZO OZ ECHOZ 

Country Slovakia , applies locally

Time period Temporary, started on 18 March 2018
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Change of work arrangements (working time, rota schemes)
Author Rastislav Bednarik, Ludovit Cziria, Daniela Keselova, Miroslava Kordosova (IVPR) and Eurofound
Case created 08 September 2020 (updated 04 October 2020)

Background information

In relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Slovak government adopted several measures to alleviate its impact on employers, employees as well as citizens. Many of them were implemented through changes in the Labour Code, Act on Social insurance and other related legislations. For instance, new rules for implementation of homeworking and different types of short-time working schemes included in the First aid package. They had an impact on the operation of companies, employment and working conditions of employees. Oil refinery Slovnaft, a.s. MOL group in Bratislava responded to their implementation in cooperation with the local trade unions.    

Content of measure

Activities of the management and trade unions in Slovnaft company resulted in the conclusion of different agreements between Slovnaft MOL management and local trade unions of ECHOZ, including subcontracts to existing collective agreements. Their content was aimed at keeping the sustainability of production and related service activities of the company during the corona crisis with a lower number of workers active in the company, health protection, prevention of social hardship of COVID-19 pandemic and social security of employees.

Particular attention was paid to the implementation of short-time scheme (kurzarbeit), homeworking and social support to trade union members. Conditions under which these changes will be realised were specified in agreements concluded between management and trade unions. For instance, the implementation of the short-time scheme with 70% wage replacement and homeworking were included in subcontract to company collective agreement.

Use of measure

Agreements between Slovnaft MOL management in Bratislava are also applied to other business units, which are parts of Slovnaft, a. s. MOL group: VURUP research a laboratories and Slovnaft Montáže a opravy, a.s. (assembly and repairs company). The agreements were effective since March 2020 and their implementation resulted in ensuring the continuation of production and services, maintenance of employment in the company and sustainability of social standards of employees working there.  


  • Employment retention
  • Health and safety
  • Telework
  • Work organisation

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Companies providing essential services
Larger corporations
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Trade unions
Company / Companies

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Company level


This is a joint initiative of the management of Slovnaft, a.s. MOL Group in Bratislava and local trade union organisation of Energy-Chemical Trade Union Association (ECHOZ).

Views and reactions

According to the local trade union organisation of ECHOZ, the implementation of temporary agreements with the company management contributed to ensuring the continuity of production in the company as well as providing commercial services and saved the health of employees employed by the company.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 18 March 2020: Opatrenia proti šíreniu koronavírusu v spoločnosti Slovnaft. (


Eurofound (2020), Agreements between Slovnaft MOL management and local trade unions , case SK-2018-12/1071 (measures in Slovakia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.