Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EU-2021-50/2097 – measures in European Union
|Country||European Union , applies eu-wide (or beyond)|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 08 December 2021|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Remuneration and rewards for workers in essential services
|Author||Barbara Surdykowska and Eurofound|
|Measure added||20 December 2021 (updated 21 January 2022)|
The care sector is becoming an increasingly key sector due to the demographic changes that are taking place in today's society. In her State of the European Union address of 2021, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen announced a new European Care Strategy, targeting both carers and audiences, from childcare to long-term care. Taking into account the experience of COVID-19, the European Federation of Public Service Unions, EPSU and the Federation of European Social Employers presented a joint position on the development of this sector.
In the view of social partners, throughout the pandemic, care workers experienced understaffing, work intensification and dangerous working conditions. A lack of adequate protection led to a much higher rate of COVID-19 infection among the long-term care workforce compared with the general workforce. The resilience of long-term care has been severely affected by exhaustion and moral injury, therefore a strong European Care Strategy must address these issues by taking into consideration:
Workers in care facilities
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
EU level social partners
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Sectoral social partners have taken the initiative of joint statement on their own in anticipation of the new European Care Strategy for 2022.
Social partners' views are supportive for their own initiative.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities||Q87 Residential care activities|
This case is occupation-specific
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Personal care workers|
Eurofound (2021), Social partners expect European Care Strategy to address workforce needs, measure EU-2021-50/2097 (measures in European Union), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EU-2021-50_2097.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.