Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure HR-2020-23/1047 – Updated – measures in Croatia
|Country||Croatia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 June 2020 – 31 December 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Remuneration and rewards for workers in essential services
|Author||Predrag Bejakovic (IJF)|
|Measure added||27 August 2020 (updated 06 September 2022)|
The government and representative Trade Unions of state administration employees agreed in 2019 on the base pay rise for two plus two percent that was to apply on 1 June 2020 and 1 October 2020. However, due to the COVID-19 crisis and its adverse economic and financial consequences, it was obvious that such promises would not be possible to realize.
After four meetings with the representative Trade Unions of state administration employees, the Minister of Labour and Pension System and Trade Unions (the Police Union of Croatia, the Trade Union of Interior Ministry Employees and the Local and State Administration Employees' Trade Union) signed an Annex to the Basic collective agreement for state administration employees. Later the same annex was signed with Trade Unions of Public Servants. Both documents envisage the deferral of the promised wage increase. Therefore, the base amount for the calculation of salaries in 2020 will stay HRK 5,809.79 (€774.64), while from 1 January 2021 it will be HRK 6,044.51 (€805.93).
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|18 May 2022||
The new Collective Agreement for Croatian State Administration has been signed between the government and representative trade unions. There were no significant changes in comparison with the previous Collective Agreement.
|08 October 2021||
There were no new Annexes to the Collective Agreement for Croatian State Administration.
During 2020 the holiday bonuses will be paid out as in previous years, while the jubilee awards will receive all employees that are eligible in 2020. Discussion regarding the Christmas bonuses will take place during the preparation of the State budget for 2021. Trade Unions are generally satisfied with the achieved negotiation and Annexes because Unions are fully adverse of a dire situation in economy and public finance. The Unions intend to discuss with the government all the problems in state and local administration services, not only the low salaries but primarily working conditions, material rights and ways of improving the status of state and local administration employees. They do not want to negotiate only about the suspension of the base pay increase and Christmas bonuses because the problems in state and local administration are much deeper.
|Applies to all workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The Annex has been signed by three representative Trade Unions: the Police Union of Croatia, the Trade Union of Interior Ministry Employees and the Local and State Administration Employees' Trade Union. The Trade Unions began the initiative with the intention to be active stakeholders in the process so as to meet their obligations towards trade union members. According to their opinion, this is damage control and the Trade Unions did not wish to leave it up to a government to make unilaterally some reductions in employees’ rights.
A representative of the Independent Trade Union of Interior Ministry Employees (Nezavisni sindikat djelatnika MUP-a), said that they had decided to take on the initiative on the Annex because they wanted to be stakeholders in the process so as to meet their obligations towards trade union members. According to his opinion, this is damage control and the Trade Unions did not wish to leave it up to a government to make unilaterally some reductions in employees’ rights. The representative of Local and State Administration Employees' Trade Union said that union bodies had agreed to accept the government's offer but they hope that the negotiations with the government would continue. The membership of the Police Union of Croatia had also decided to sign the Annex.
This case is sector-specific (only public sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|O - Public Administration And Defence; Compulsory Social Security||O84 Public administration and defence; compulsory social security|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Annex to the Collective Agreement for Croatian State Administration Employees, measure HR-2020-23/1047 (measures in Croatia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/HR-2020-23_1047.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.