Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IT-2003-37/2577 – measures in Italy
|Country||Italy , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 10 September 2003|
|Context||Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Ensuring business continuity and support for essential services
– Smoothing frictions or reallocation of workers
|Author||Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 07 November 2022)|
Since 2000, the legislator had been engaged in the design of the so-called Employment Information System (SIL), based on the collection and provision of information on jobseekers. It was introduced by Article 15 of Legislative Decree No. 276 of 10 September 2003.
The project is to build an integrated, computerised system containing labour market information accessible to workers, entrepreneurs, public and private operators.
The National Labour Exchange is an information sharing system intended to support the matching between demand and supply of labour. The system connects regional databases on vacancies and on jobseekers (regional labour exchanges), making this information available on a single national web portal, Cliclavoro.
ClicLavoro web portal allows employers and labour market intermediaries to advertise vacancies and to view jobseekers’ personal profiles, including their previous training and professional experiences. Job-seekers can also subscribe to the portal, upload their CVs, apply for job offers in Italy and abroad, and find out news on public competitions or vocational training opportunities.
The website also provides a wide range of information targeting employers, labour market intermediaries, and citizens. This information concerns labour market trends, hiring incentives, public incentives for business creation and development, employment conditions and workers’ rights, administrative requirements related to the set-up of a private employment agency and for the management of employment relationships, main features of national passive labour market policies, and the list of all the registered labour market intermediaries.
The Ministry of Labour and Social Policies coordinates the operations of the National Labour Exchange and of the network of regional labour exchanges while each region administers its own regional labour exchange, which is to be fully interoperable and accessible by the National Labour Exchange according to a protocol setting out common technical standards. Public Employment Services (PES) are required to store the information they collect on vacancies and on jobseekers’ profiles in the regional labour exchanges.
As of May 2016, ClicLavoro hosted about 158,000 open vacancies and 292,000 CVs. During 2017 there were 1,466,942 users registered to the portal were, which was accessed a total of 3,026,596 times. The network is able to gather data and information on the labour market, collected at local level, making them available on a single website in a user-friendly way. The main weakness is that the amount and quality of the information made available vary across regions.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Local / regional government
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), National Labour Exchange, measure IT-2003-37/2577 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IT-2003-37_2577.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.