Factsheet for case FR-2020-16/1169 – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 15 April 2020 – 31 October 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Income protection beyond short-time work
– Income support for unemployed
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Case created||22 September 2020 (updated 16 October 2020)|
On 15 April 2020, the aircraft supplier Safran has signed an agreement with the three representative unions CFDT, CFE-CGC and FO to deal with the consequences of the COVID-19 epidemic. With the aim of 'ensuring equity and strengthening solidarity between employees' , the text aims to define measures to support the implementation of short-time working (partial activity) 'during the coming weeks, until the gradual resumption of all activities under the previous conditions' . This text provides in particular for the creation of a solidarity fund to provide additional compensation for short-time workers receiving less than €2,500 gross per month.
Creation of a solidarity fund
The agreement specifies that employees on short-time working whose working time is calculated in terms of the number of days in the year and not on the basis of weekly working hours (employees under 'forfait-jours) and those with no hourly reference are entitled to full net pay in accordance with the metalworkers' collective agreement. Also, in accordance with 'a principle of solidarity between the different categories of employees', the agreement sets up a solidarity fund intended to guarantee, for the months of April and May, additional compensation for all employees on short-time working who do not benefit from full maintenance of the above-mentioned pay.
This guarantee makes it possible to increase the gross hourly wage by 1% to 8% per hour declared as short-time working, depending on the level of pay: for employees receiving less than €2,200 gross per month, the increase is 8%. For those paid between €2,410 and €2,500 euros, the increase is 1%.
This fund will be fed, until 10 June 2020, via :
Adjustment of paid holidays
The agreement takes into account Order No. 2020-323 of 25 March 2020, which allows for the terms and conditions for taking paid holidays to be adapted. Group companies will thus be able, until 31 October 2020, to impose the taking of paid leave, up to a limit of six working days per employee. Holidays must be taken in the following order of priority:
The unilateral fixing of paid leave by the employer shall be subject to a notice period of at least two working days during the confinement period and at least five working days outside the confinement period. These advance notice periods apply 'for fixing the days of leave taken in rotation or collectively in the context of a closure'. The signatories also provide for the possibility of modifying the dates of leave already set until 31 October 2020, still within the limit of six working days. The employer must inform the Social and Economic Committee (work council) of its decisions by any means and as soon as possible. However, employees are entitled to a leave of at least two consecutive weeks within the legal period for taking leave. In addition, the employer must ensure that paid leave is taken during the summer period in order to ensure the employee's right to paid leave with his family.
The agreement sets out other measures to mitigate the implementation of the Short-time working, in particular:
Health and safety
In addition, in order to 'ensure the proper application and respect, within the company, of the rules of hygiene, safety and social distancing', Safran recommends, 'when possible', the setting up, on the sites, of employees with a mission of "sentinel for prevention, according to operating methods defined locally.
The agreement applies to about 44,100 employees in France.
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Youth (18-25) in employment
|Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Negotiated|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The three representative trade unions have negotiated and agreed this group-level agreement.
The three representative trade unions (the CGT has not signed it) that represent the majority of the votes at the last workplace elections, have signed the agreement and support the measures.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|C - Manufacturing||C30 Manufacture of other transport equipment|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Agreement on social support for the crisis linked to COVID-19 within the Safran group, case FR-2020-16/1169 (measures in France), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.