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Factsheet for measure FR-2020-12/478 – Updated – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 15 March 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Income protection beyond short-time work
– Income support for unemployed
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||10 April 2020 (updated 30 July 2021)|
On 19 March, the government has announced exceptional support measures for intermittent entertainment workers (which corresponds to a special status allowing workers in the entertainment sector to access unemployment compensation between two short-term employment contracts) and employees in the cultural sector in the context of the health crisis. The aim is not to penalize those who receive unemployment benefit and risk losing it during the pandemic, as well as those who no longer acquire rights to unemployment insurance due to the cessation of all activities in the cultural and performing arts sector. This measure has been adopted through the Ordonnance No. 2020-324 of 25 March 2020.
In order to limit the social impacts of the health crisis linked to the COVID-19 epidemic, which particularly affects intermittent workers in the entertainment sector (performers and seasonal workers) and other employees (short contracts, etc.) in the cultural sector, the government has decided to neutralise the period starting on 15 March and ending at the end of the confinement of the French population for:
According the last data available, 192,907 workers were employed under the status of "intermittents du spectacle" between April and June 2019.
On 18 March, the trade union SFA-CGT (Syndicat français des artistes interprètes - CGT) estimated that more than 15,000 performers were deprived of work and income.
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
If the first decisions have been taken only through some informal bilateral discussions between the ministry of Labour, the Ministry of Culture and the social partners of the live performance, have held several meetings to adapt and complete the first set of measures. The last updated measures to support the intermittent workers within the industry sectoral-level dialogue have been decided during a tripartite committee (Conseil national des professions du spectacle, CNPS).
Even the measure is decided by the government, representative social partners on sectoral level have been consulted by the Ministry of Labour and the Ministry of Culture, before the announcement of temporary adjustment of the specific unemployment scheme of the "intermittents" of the live performance and audiovisual sector.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|J - Information And Communication||J59 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Exceptional support measures for intermittent workers and employees in the cultural sector, measure FR-2020-12/478 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2020-12_478.html
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