European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2020-14/639 – measures in Spain

Exceptional unemployment benefit for employees with temporary contracts

Subsidio de desempleo excepcional por fin de contrato temporal

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 31 March 2020 – 21 July 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Extensions of income support to workers not covered by any kind of protection scheme
Author Carlos Molina (UAB)
Measure added 15 April 2020 (updated 01 December 2020)

Background information

A group particularly affected by the current situation and that may not be covered by income protection schemes are those workers whose temporary contract ends after the declaration of the alarm state. Although in Royal Decree-Law 9/2020 measures were established so that, in the event of suspension of contracts, the computation of temporary contracts is interrupted, this provision does not totally prevent the termination of temporary contracts after the declaration of the state of alarm that are not covered by the system established for unemployed people for having been affected by the suspension or reduction of working hours established in articles 22 and 23 of Royal Decree-Law 8/2020.

Content of measure

Beneficiaries of the exceptional unemployment subsidy due to the end of a temporary contract will be workers who have had a fixed-term contract expired for at least two months, after the entry into force of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, declaring the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by COVID-19, and they will not have the necessary contribution to access another benefit or subsidy if they lack income under the terms established in article 275 of the consolidated text of the General Law on Social Security, approved by Royal Legislative Decree 8/2015, of October 30.

This subsidy will be granted to the workers affected, in the terms referred to in the previous paragraph, for the termination of a fixed-term contract, including interim, training and relief contracts, and that meet the rest of the requirements provided in this article.

The exceptional subsidy consists of a monthly aid of 80% of the Public Multiple Effects Income Indicator (IPREM) in force and its payment. For 2020, the amount of the subsidy will accordingly be €430.27.

This extraordinary unemployment benefit will be incompatible with the receipt of any minimum income, inclusion income, social salary or similar aid granted by any Public Administration.

Use of measure

No data available at the moment.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners were consulted during the design of the measure, but not in the implementation or the design of the measure.

Views and reactions

Social partners were consulted, or at least informed in advance, about the measure to be adopted. Both trade unions and employer organisations were supportive of this policy.



Eurofound (2020), Exceptional unemployment benefit for employees with temporary contracts, measure ES-2020-14/639 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.