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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

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Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case IT-2020-12/427 Updated – measures in Italy

COVID-19 indemnity for self-employed, parasubordinate workers, and employees

Indennità Covid-19 lavoratori autonomi, parasubordinati e subordinati

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, started on 17 March 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Extensions of income support to workers not covered by any kind of protection scheme
Author Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound
Case created 09 April 2020 (updated 16 July 2020)
Related ERM support instrument

Background information

In March 2020 the Government introduced some measures to provide income support also to those workers - partially or totally prevented from work in reason of the COVID-19 outbreak - that were anyway not covered by the main instruments sustaining the majority of the Italian workforce.

The Decree Law No. 18/2020 of 17 March, Article 27, introduces an income support measure of €600 for the month of March for professionals, workers in continuous and coordinated collaboration agreement, self-employed, seasonal workers and workers of the entertainment industry. The benefit will be paid directly from the National Social Security Institute (INPS) and aims at supporting income of those workers which are not eligible for other income support measures such as the different wage guarantee funds. Always through the Decree Law No. 18/2020, Article 44, the Government allocates further €300 million for income support of professionals registered to private social security agencies and self-employed and employees not covered by any other analogous measure.

Content of measure

A one lump sum of € 600 was awarded for the month of March to different groups of workers by Decree-Law No. 18/2020 of 17 March 2020 in order to support their income. The categories included are:

  • Professionals with a VAT number active on 23 February 2020 and workers with co-ordinated and continuous collaboration relationships.
  • Self-employed registered to the dedicated mandatory social insurance schemes (Assicurazione Generale Obbligatoria, AGO).
  • Seasonal workers in the tourism sector and in thermal establishments that involuntarily ended their employment in the period between 1 January 2020 and 17 March 2020, who are not employed and do not receive a pension.
  • Fixed-term agricultural workers, who do not receive a pension and have worked at least 50 days in agriculture in 2019.
  • Workers enrolled in the pension fund for workers in the entertainment industry (Fondo pensioni Lavoratori dello spettacolo), with at least 30 daily contributions paid in the year 2019 to the same fund, with an income of no more than €50,000, and who do not receive a pension. The total amount of resources allocated for this measure is about €200 million.

The second and additional fund for income support of professionals registered to private social security agencies and self-employed and employees not covered by another analogous measure, has been increased, from €300 million to €500 million, with the Decree No. 53073 of 27 April 2020 issued by the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF). A further joint Decree issued by the MEF and the Ministry of Labour on 30 April 2020 specified that are covered by this second measure also:

  • Seasonal workers not covered by other measures that involuntarily ended their employment between the 1 January 2019 and 31 January 2020 and that in the same period worked at least for 30 days.
  • Workers on call that worked for at least 30 days in the period 1st January 2019 and 31 January 2020.
  • Occasional workers not registered as self employed, and checked in the respective section of the National Social Security Agency on 23 February 2020, that obtained at least one monthly contribution between 1 January 2019 and 23 February 2020 and that are unemployed from the 23 February 2020.
  • Door-to-door sales persons registered as self-employed before 24 February 2020 and with an annual income from this activity, for 2019, higher than €5,000.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

16 July 2020

This measure was renewed for the months of April and May through Law Decree No. 34 of 19 May 2020. Indemnity ranges from €500 to €1,000 according to the beneficiary.

Use of measure

Almost 5 million people are estimated to be eligible to this measure. As to 18 June 2020, 4,060,941 requests were placed online to National Institute of Social Security (INPS).

The funds allocated by the Government for the support of professionals registered to private social security agencies (initially about €200 million on the overall amount of €300 million) was used up at a very fast pace, and compelled the government to allocate further €80 million to solve the issue.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Particular professions
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Platform workers
Seasonal workers
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No involvement of the social partners in designing, implementing and monitoring the measure

Views and reactions

The social partners supported the measure.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities
      I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities I55 Accommodation
      I56 Food and beverage service activities
      R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities

This case is not occupation-specific.



Eurofound (2020), COVID-19 indemnity for self-employed, parasubordinate workers, and employees, case IT-2020-12/427 (measures in Italy), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.