Factsheet for case GR-2020-12/695 – Updated – measures in Greece
|Country||Greece , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 20 March 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Income protection beyond short-time work
– Income support for unemployed
|Author||Penny Georgiadou, INE GSEE|
|Case created||16 April 2020 (updated 07 February 2022)|
By virtue of 16073/287/2020 and 18657/370/15.5.2020, an exceptional financial support of €800 is provided, among others, to specific employees' categories (e.g. actors, singers), tourism and food industry employees, constructors, cargo handlers, guides and private nurses, tour escorts, employees in the area of Mount Athos. The government with the article 11 of 20 March 2020 Legislative Act (Government Gazette A' 68) in conjunction with the article 3 of the Circular of Ministry of Labour no 123339/404/12.03.2020, in the context of the “emergency contingency measures to address the effects of the coronavirus COVID-19, support society and entrepreneurship and ensure the uninterrupted operation of the market and public administration”, introduces an extraordinary financial aid to employees whose work has been suspended.
Ordered a nationwide ordered a nationwide lock down starting on Saturday, 7 November 2020, for three weeks (with a possibility of further prolongation) to help contain a resurgence of COVID-19 cases, its second this year, after a sharp increase in infections. The Ministry of Labour announced the suspension of employment contracts and granting of a special state benefit of €800 for November 2020. Beneficiaries are businesses that have been financially affected as per their Activity Code Numbers (ACN), based on the ACN numbers that have been published in April 2020, or their operation has been suspended under a state decision.
The said measures cover all employee that have been employed by 4 November 2020. With regard to the Christmas allowance, which is payable between 21 December 2020 and 31 December 2020, the state will cover the part of it corresponding to the period of suspension, calculated at the amount of €534 (and not €800). Social security contributions corresponding to the days of suspension are also covered by the state. By virtue of 16073/287/2020 and 18657/370/ 15 May 2020, an exceptional financial support of €800, for 45 calendar days, is provided to specific employees' categories (e.g. actors, singers), tourism and food industry employees, constructors, cargo handlers, guides and private nurses, tour escorts, employees in the area of Mount Athos. Also, employees who are employed by more than one employer and at least one of them has not suspended their employment contract and if so, their weekly working hours do not exceed 50% of their total working hours based on their employment contracts from 15 March to 20 April 2020.
The special purpose indemnification, amounting to €800, is provided to all employees whose employment contract is under suspension because they are employed by enterprises that
The indemnification covers the period from 20 March to 30 April , 2020 and is not offset with any sums due. Employees dismissed or voluntarily resigned during the period 1 March to 20, are also entitled to the indemnification. The expense for the indemnification, as well as the insurance coverage of the employees, is covered by the state, provided that certain required procedures are followed.
Not eligible are employees that:
According to the data, by 22 April 2020, approximately 686,000 workers received the extraordinary financial aid. In addition, 160,000 applications are expected after the list of professions eligible for the aim has been extended. According to a study issued by the National Institute of Labour and Human Resources -NILHR – (Thematic Bulletin No. 4-March 2021), the total government’s financial expenditure for the payment of the special-purpose allowance for those employees of which the job contract has been suspended, it is estimated to €2.719 billion, for the period between March 2020 and February 2021 (12months). The amount of the special-purpose allowance is on average €476 per month and corresponds to 87% of the net national minimum wage, 71% of the net national median wage and 65% of the net national average wage. The monthly wage losses of workers with a suspended employment contract (and for as long as they have been suspended from an employment contract) are estimated to be around 30% to 35%.
Employees in standard employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
A tripartite meeting of all national social partners with the Ministry of Labour took place at the beginning of the virus outbreak (10 March 2020). During the meeting, the government briefed the social partners on the situation in whole and on the suggested measures and policies, and all parties were engaged in dialogue. The proposals and opinions of the social partners were taken into consideration, without being binding.
The government has designed and implemented this measure. Views are not available.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|F - Construction||F41 Construction of buildings|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I56 Food and beverage service activities|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R93 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Financial support for suspended and dismissed employees, case GR-2020-12/695 (measures in Greece), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.