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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case SI-2020-15/402 Updated – measures in Slovenia

Sick leave during pandemic covered by state funds

Bolniški stalež med epidemijo

Country Slovenia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 11 April 2020 – 31 May 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Paid sick leave
Author Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound
Case created 09 April 2020 (updated 08 January 2021)

Background information

The 'Intervention measures to mitigate the effects of the COVID-19 infectious disease epidemic on citizens and the economy Act' (ZIUZEOP), adopted on 2 April 2020, alleviate the negative consequences of the epidemic on companies, exempting them from paying sick leave compensations in the period from 11 April to 31 May 2020 (Article 56). Normally, employers are paying compensations for the first 30 days of sick leave, and the Health Insurance Institute covers those exceeding 30 days of sick leave.

Content of measure

In the reference period, an insured person has the right to the sick leave compensation paid by the Health Insurance Institute since the very first day of sick leave. The level of compensation usually depends on the reason for sick leave: it is, for instance, determined at 100% for workplace injuries and 80% for illness. The Intervention act (ZIUZEOP) envisages higher compensation levels for infected persons: 90% compensation for those who, according to doctor’s instruction, have to be isolated, 100% for those who get infected at the workplace. Healthy persons are not entitled to sick leave compensation. Belong to this category parents who have to look after small children during the closure of schools and kindergartens; persons who cannot come to work due to the suspension of public transport or border crossing; persons with chronic diseases; and healthy persons who have been in contact with infected people.

Updates

The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

29 December 2021

The seventh COVID-19 law (ZIUPOPDVE), adopted by the Parliament on 29 December 2020, gives 100% wage compensation to workers who fell ill with COVID-19 and are employed at providers of social protection programmes, crisis accommodation, home care work and health services. They receive a full wage (the state pays the difference between ordinary sick leave paid by the employer and full wage), but they must prove they got infected despite security equipment. The measure will be in force until 31 December 2021.

27 November 2020

The sixth COVID-19 law (ZIUOPDVE), adopted by the Parliament on 25 November 2020, gives partial compensation for the lost income to self-employed, associates and farmers. Entitled are persons who are in quarantine, whose children are in quarantine or whose children cannot go to school or kindergarten due to force majeure (eligible are children until fifth grade and disabled children). The compensation amounts to €250 for a ten-day quarantine, €500 for a twenty-day quarantine and €750 for a month. The measure is valid until 31 December 2020.

Use of measure

The measure addresses companies as well as self-employed persons, but not organizations directly or indirectly financed by the state budget. The request to receive the sick-pay compensation from the Health Insurance Institute can be filed within 30 September 2020. The Health Insurance Institute estimates that the costs for sick leave compensation will be about €30 million (Dnevnik, 8 April 2020).

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Self-employed
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown

Involvement

No information yer available.

Views and reactions

Trade unions and employer organizations have submitted proposals to integrate the law. In the case of this measure, they requested only some specifications. The two COVID-19 laws (ZIUZEOP and ZIUZEOP-A) were adopted under an accelerated procedure with no involvement of the Economic and Social Council. Its functioning was blocked because the new government, which came to power on 13 March 2020, had not appointed its members in the Economic and Social Council. On 20 April, trade unions protested against the exclusion of social partners in the preparation of the second emergency law (ZIUZEOP-A). They demanded the reactivation of the Economic and Social Council. The first meeting of the Economic and Social Council was held not before 15 May 2020. The Council then became involved in negotiations about the third emergency law ZIUOOPE, issued on 30 May 2020.

In relation to the changes adopted by law on 29 December, trade unions sent a letter to deputies on 21 December 2020, stating that it was insulting that a worker, working in a high-risk area, has to prove his or her inculpability.

Sources

  • 06 April 2020: Health Insurance Institute, 'Odsotnost z dela in bolniški stalež zaradi novega koronavirusa (COVID-19)' [Absence from work and sick leave due to new coronavirus (COVID-19) (www.zzzs.si)
  • 10 April 2020: Zakon o interventnih ukrepih za zajezitev epidemije COVID-19 in omilitev njenih posledic za državljane in gospodarstvo (ZIUZEOP) [Act Determining the Intervention Measures to Contain the COVID-19 Epidemic and Mitigate its Consequences for Citizens and the Economy (www.pisrs.si)
  • 20 April 2020: Request of trade unions to be included in the preparation of emergency laws due to COVID-1 (sindikat-pergam.si)
  • 25 November 2020: Zakon o interventnih ukrepih za omilitev posledic drugega vala epidemije COVID-19 (ZIUOPDVE) [Act Determining Intervention Measures to Remedy the Consequences of the Second Wave of COVID-19 Epicemic (www.iusinfo.si)
  • 21 December 2020: Seven trade union confederations, Pismo poslancem [Letter to deputies (www.zsss.si)
  • 30 December 2020: Act Determining Intervention Measures to Assist in Mitigating the Consequences of the Second Wave of COVID-19 Epidemic (Zakon o interventnih ukrepih za pomoč pri omilitvi posledic drugega vala epidemije COVID-19, ZIUPOPDVE (pisrs.si)

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Sick leave during pandemic covered by state funds, case SI-2020-15/402 (measures in Slovenia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.