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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case ES-2020-12/223 – measures in Spain

Extension of protection for unemployment benefits

Real Decreto-ley 8/2020, de 17 de marzo, de medidas urgentes extraordinarias para hacer frente al impacto económico y social del COVID-19

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 17 March 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Income support for unemployed
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Case created 31 March 2020 (updated 24 November 2020)

Background information

This extraordinary legislation supplements existing legislation of unemployment benefits. The content on extending unemployment protection in this Royal Decree 8/2020 mainly follows the proposals made by the social partners. The right to receive unemployment benefit is recognised even if the employee has not the minimum period of social contribution made and even he/she has a previous entitlement for receiving an unemployment benefit or allowance suspended.

Content of measure

It establishes that the entitlement of such benefits is recognised even if an employee being dismissed lacks the minimum period of paid employment / contribution to unemployment insurance necessary and even if at the time of the adoption of the business decision – of temporary dismissal - the right to unemployment benefit or subsidy was suspended.

Furthermore, the time in which this benefit is received for extraordinary circumstances is not computed regarding the entitlement to receive an unemployment protection benefit, in order to consume the maximum periods of perception established.

The duration of the of the benefit will be extended until the end of the suspension of the employment contract or temporary reduction of the working time, which are the causes entitling to ask for this benefit

Use of measure

Not known yet.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No involvement of social partners existed

Views and reactions

Unknown details at the time of first reporting


  • 31 March 2020: Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (


Eurofound (2020), Extension of protection for unemployment benefits, case ES-2020-12/223 (measures in Spain), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.