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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure SE-2020-27/981 Updated – measures in Sweden

Sickness compensation for COVID-19 risk groups can be paid preventively

Ersättning till riskgrupper

Country Sweden , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 July 2020 – 30 September 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Paid sick leave
Author Anna-Karin Gustafsson (Oxford Research) and Eurofound
Measure added 13 July 2020 (updated 28 September 2021)

Background information

In order to support employees and self-employed who belong to risk groups, sickness allowance can now be paid out preventively. The aim is to support those employees and self-employed who cannot work from home but need to refrain from work due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The right to sickness allowance is regulated in chapter 27 of the Socialförsäkringsbalk (2010:110) (Social Insurance Code). A preventive sickness allowance is normally available only for employees who are in rehabilitation or who receive medical treatment but are not eligible for regular sickness allowance.

Content of measure

Preventive sickness benefit for employees is available for people belonging to the at-risk group of falling seriously ill with COVID-19. Even self-employed can apply. Casual employees can receive this form of financial support in case they have had to cancel already booked shifts due to the risk of infection.

This measure is available for employees who need to refrain from working in order to avoid being infected and who cannot work from home or whose employer cannot assign them to other duties.

The maximum amount of support is SEK 804 (approximately €80) per day (before taxes). This support can be paid out for a maximum of 90 days. This applies for the period of 1 July to 30 September 2020.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

17 September 2021

The Government has decided to end this measure since 70% of the population is now vaccinated. As of 1 October, this extension to the sickness compensation is no longer available.

21 January 2021

The Government proposed a further extension to the duration of this temporary measure. According to the proposal, the duration of this measure will be extended until the end of April 2021.

The number of days a person can be compensated will also increase, from 184 days to 274 days.

Retroactive application will be possible.

The Parliament is expected to decide upon this matter in February 2021.

16 November 2020

The number of days a person can be compensated was increased from 90 days to 184 days between 1 July 2020 and 31 December 2020.

Use of measure

As of 16 November 2020, the number of applications was 6,200 and SEK 102 million (approximately €10 million) had been paid out.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
The COVID-19 risk group at the workplace
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


No information available.

Views and reactions

No information available.


  • 13 July 2020: Åtgärder inom sjukförsäkringen med anledning av nya coronaviruset (COVID-19 related changes to sickness allowance) (
  • 16 November 2020: The number of compensation days for risk groups increased (Antal dagar för ersättning till riskgrupper utökas) (
  • 01 December 2020: Socialförsäkringsutskottets betänkande 2020/21:SfU11 (
  • 13 January 2021: COVID-19 measures within the social security area (Åtgärder på socialförsäkringsområdet med anledning av coronaviruset) (
  • 17 September 2021: Fortsatt beredskap för att hantera COVID-19 pandemin [Continued preparedness to handle the COVID-19 pandemic] (


Eurofound (2020), Sickness compensation for COVID-19 risk groups can be paid preventively, measure SE-2020-27/981 (measures in Sweden), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.