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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case SK-2020-14/292 Updated – measures in Slovakia

Extension of the support period for unemployment benefit

Predĺženie podporného obdobia na dávku v nezamestnanost

Country Slovakia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 04 April 2020 – 31 August 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Income support for unemployed
Author Rastislav Bednarik (IVPR)
Case created 06 April 2020 (updated 12 May 2021)

Background information

Through the Act 66/2020 Coll., the legislator intervened in order to cushion the condition of long-term unemployed in the local labour market. Indeed, as a consequence of the restrictions and the social distancing measures introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis, jobseekers are increasingly at risk of not finding a job for a longer period of time. Therefore, the Parliament decided that during the pandemic unemployment benefit should be paid for a longer period.

Content of measure

During the COVID-19 pandemic crisis, the unemployment benefit period has been extended by one month (up to a maximum of seven months) for those who could not find a job. The measure is finalized to sustain people that remained unemployed up to the end of the original unemployment benefit period. The Government may lay down the conditions for entitlement to the unemployment benefit, the conditions for the payment of the unemployment benefit, the length of the unemployment benefit period and the amount of the unemployment benefit, in the form of a government order for the duration of the crisis and for two months after its termination.

Updates

The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

09 April 2021

The measure was replaced by new measure SK-2021-12/1821 .

02 October 2020

Until 31 August 2020, the support period for the provision of unemployment benefits was gradually extended by Government regulations (as of 24 April, 27 May and 1 July).

Use of measure

Compared to the current legal situation, it is expected that approximately 28,100 more unemployment benefits will be paid out by 2020, with an average monthly rate of around €518.1. Expenditure on the basis of these assumptions is expected to be around €14.6 million in 2020. In the period till 15 June 2020, the Social Insurance Agency paid a total of 20,668 unemployment benefits due to the extension of the period of payment of this benefit in the total amount of €6.459 million (information required from Social Insurance Agency).

From February to August 2020, unemployment increased and the number of recipients of unemployment benefits also increased from 38,000 in April to 72,600 in August 2020. The unemployment rate increased from 5.05% in February to 7.65% in July and 7.60% in August 2020. In August 2020, there were 229,517 persons in the records of labor offices, in October 2020 there were fewer - 222,242 persons. From August to November, the number of recipients of unemployment benefits also fell, from 76,000 to 48,000.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Unemployed
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public employment service
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown

Involvement

Social partners were not involved in preparation of the measure via usual tripartite consultations and neither in the cross-sector commenting procedure.

Views and reactions

Social partners were not involved during the designing and implementation of this measure.

Sources

  • 01 July 2020: Act 186/2020 on extension of the unemployment benefit perio (www.slov-lex.sk)
  • 02 October 2020: Social Insurance Agency, statistics of unemployment benefit recipient (www.socpoist.sk)
  • 02 October 2020: Central Office of Labour, Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family on unemployment rat (www.upsvr.gov.sk)
  • 10 April 2021: 76 ACT of 1 March 2021 amending and supplementing Act no. 311/2001 Labor Code, as amended, and amending and supplementing certain act (Zákonník práce) (www.slov-lex.sk)

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Extension of the support period for unemployment benefit, case SK-2020-14/292 (measures in Slovakia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.