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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure CZ-2020-12/357 Updated – measures in Czechia

Care allowance during emergency period for homeschooling 6 to 13 year-old children

Ošetřování člena rodiny – „Ošetřovné“ v době krize

Country Czechia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 19 March 2020 – 30 June 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Support for parents and carers (financial or in kind)
Author Renata Kyzlinková (RILSA)
Measure added 07 April 2020 (updated 09 October 2020)

Background information

The government action that closed school institutions at all levels subsequently required also the amendment of the definition of care allowance in the Act No. 187/2006 Coll., on Sickness Insurance. In an extraordinary bill the government has decided to modify the period of validity for payment of the care allowance to support the parents of young schoolchildren who are home schooling their children. Parents are entitled to care allowance as long as the ban on school attendance remains in force.

Content of measure

The current phrasing of the Act No.187/2006 Coll., on Sickness Insurance provides care allowance for a period of nine calendar days to parents of children under the age of 10 who cannot be put in the care of a school / child-care facility; for single parents the care allowance is for a period of 16 calendar days. Due to COVID-19 the Czech government decided to raise the age limit for these children from 10 to 13 years of age and parents will be entitled to care allowance as long as the ban on school attendance remains. Those taking care of the disabled members of the family at home following the closure of day care centres are also to be entitled to the care allowance.

Also the self-employed are entitled to apply for the money. The government has approved a financial contribution for the self-employed who are currently at home to ensure childcare. The state will pay CZK 424 (€15.41) per day, i.e. just under CZK 14,000 (€510) per month, to all self-employed persons taking care of children aged 6 to 13, on condition that a second member of the family no longer receives the care allowance.

Applications are collected online.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

01 July 2020

The amount of care allowance has been increased to 80% of the daily assessment income. This increase is in effect from 1 April 2020.

The possibility to draw care allowance has been extended also to employees working on the basis of so called “work agreements outside employment relationships”, e.g. Agreement to complete a job (DPP) and Agreement to perform a work (DPČ).

Extended (more favorable) options of drawing care allowance are valid until 30 June 2020. Despite the fact that schools have reopened on 25 May 2020 for the first graders and on 8 June for secondary graders and secondary schools. After reopening the childrens' school attendance was voluntary and remained a parents' decision. Therefore, if a child under the age of 13 has not attended school during the crisis period up to the 30 June 2020, the parents were entitled to ask for care allowance. If the parent wanted to draw care allowance even after the school institutions reopened, she/he had to state the reasons why the child did not start to visit the school facility.

The MoLSA defines three distinct reasons:

  1. health
  2. capacity of school facilities,
  3. operating.

Use of measure

Statistics of applications for care allowance - total

  • 1 July to 12 July: 46,661
  • 11 June to 30 June: 257,391
  • 1 May to 31 May: 231,765
  • 1 April to 30 April: 151,168
  • 1 March to 31 March: 76,208
  • 1 February to 28 February: 64,185

Statistics of applications for care allowance due to school closure
* 12 March to 12 July: 307,014 * 1 July to 12 July: 6,068 * 1 June to 30 June: 48,331 * 1 May to 31 May: 80,789 * 1 April to 30 April: 158,689 * 12 March to 31 March: 13,137

The payment of care allowance benefits for self-employed is the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic . As of 22 June 2020 the MPO received 129,000 applications and approved 115,000 of them (8,000 applications were rejected and 6,000 were sent back for reprocessing). Paid out: as of 22 June 2020 CZK 1.2 billion.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Does not apply to businesses Children (minors)
Single parents

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Unknown Unknown

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown



Views and reactions



  • 19 March 2020: CORONAVIRUS (illness COVID-19) (
  • 20 March 2020: Government agreeed to extend the payment of care allowance during an emergency; the self-employed will also get money (
  • 22 June 2020: The use of support provided by MPO in the fight against COVID-19 (•Přehled čerpání poskytovaných podpor v rámci boje s koronavirem v gesci MPO) (
  • 01 July 2020: Care allowance (Ošetřovné) (


Eurofound (2020), Care allowance during emergency period for homeschooling 6 to 13 year-old children, measure CZ-2020-12/357 (measures in Czechia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.