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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2020-12/519 – measures in Spain

Income protection for self-employed workers and freelancers affected by the state of emergency

Prestación extraordinaria por cese de actividad para los afectados por declaración del estado de alarma para la gestión de la situación de crisis sanitaria

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 18 March 2020 – 30 September 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Extensions of income support to workers not covered by any kind of protection scheme
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Measure added 12 April 2020 (updated 01 December 2020)

Background information

The measure is aimed at providing income protection for self-employed workers and freelancers. More specifically, this measure makes more flexible the access to benefits in case of cessation of activity for self-employed workers in case of financial difficulty.

The cessation of activity benefit already existed. What changes under the new regulation is that the requirements are relaxed and the periods for applying change: it will be charged for a period of one month (or until the state of alarm ends). Exceptionally, people who have seen their businesses closed and activities suspended may collect the cessation of activity benefit (unemployment of the self-employed).

Content of measure

Exceptionally and with validity until the last day of the next month when the state of alarm ends, will be entitled to an extraordinary benefit for cessation of activity:

  • Self-employed workers included in the Special Scheme for Self-Employed Workers, the self-employed agricultural workers included in the Special System for Agricultural self-employee Workers and the self-employed workers included in the Special Scheme for Sea Workers whose activities are suspended.
  • Self-employed workers included in the Special Scheme for Self-Employed Workers, the self-employed agricultural workers included in the Special System for Self-Employed Agricultural Workers and the self-employed workers included in the Special Scheme for Sea Workers who, without ceasing their activity, their monthly income prior to which the benefit is requested is reduced by at least 75 percent in relation to the average billing for the previous calendar semester, provided they are not in some of the cases included in the next two points below.
  • Self-employed agricultural workers of seasonal productions included in the Special System for Self-Employed Agricultural Workers, as well as fishing productions, shellfish or of specific seasonal products included in the Special Scheme for Sea Workers, when their average turnover in the months of the production campaign prior to the one requested for the benefit is reduced, at least, by 75 percent in relation to the same months of the campaign of the previous year.
  • Self-employed workers who carry out activities in any of the following CNAE 2009 codes: 5912, 5915, 5916, 5920 and between 9001 and 9004, both included, provided that, without ceasing their activity, their turnover in the month natural prior to which the benefit is requested is reduced by at least 75% in relation to that made in the previous 12 months.

Use of measure

There are no estimates on the number of workers who can benefit from this measure.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Self-employed
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Informed Informed
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown

Involvement

Peak-level social partners were informed of the content of this measure, as well as the main sectoral organisations representing self-employee workers, with and without employees.

Views and reactions

Social partners were positive about this policy measure.

Sources

  • 18 March 2020: Royal Decree-Law 8/2020, of March 17, on extraordinary and urgent measures to face the economic and social impact of COVID-19. (www.boe.es)

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Income protection for self-employed workers and freelancers affected by the state of emergency, measure ES-2020-12/519 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2020-12_519.html

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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.