Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IT-2020-12/429 – Updated – measures in Italy
|Country||Italy , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 17 March 2020 – 30 June 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Income protection beyond short-time work
– Support for parents and carers (financial or in kind)
|Author||Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||09 April 2020 (updated 14 September 2021)|
The Decree Law No. 18/2020 of 17 March (art. 23 and 25) grants 15 days of parental leave to employees of the public and the private sector, workers enrolled in the separate social security fund (Gestione separata), and self-employed workers with children under 12 years of age. In alternative, parents can require a lump sum of €600 for baby-sitting (€1,000 for doctors, nurses or other workers in the public or private health sector). This measure aims at allowing parents to take care of children after the suspension of educational services and the closure of schools. Moreover, the Decree Law No. 18/2020 of 17 March (art. 24) granted workers assisting disabled people, under the Law 104/1992, 12 additional days of paid monthly leave for the months of March and April.
For the year 2020 starting from 5 March, as a consequence of the suspension of educational services for children and the closure of schools, workers with children below the age of 12 (no age limits for disabled workers) are entitled to 15 days of parental leave.
This entitlement is granted to employees of the private and the public sector, workers enrolled in the separate social security fund of the National Social Security Institute (Gestione separata INPS), and self-employed workers with a social security position.
An allowance, amounting to 50% of the remuneration for employees and 50% of the usual remuneration for self-employed workers with children under 12 years of age, is foreseen. Both parents are expected to alternate themselves in the use of the parental leave, for a total of fifteen days per each of them. The parental leave is furthermore subject to the condition that in the family there is no other parent who is a beneficiary of income support tools in case of suspension or cessation of work or another unemployed or non-working parent.
As an alternative to parental leave, working parents are entitled to a lump sum of €600 for babysitting activities. This amount is increased to €1,000 for doctors, nurses or other workers in the public or private health sector.
In addition to the above mentioned parental leave, parents of children aged 12 to 16 have the right to abstain from work for the period of suspension of educational activities without remuneration. The Decree Law also increased the number of days of paid monthly leave for workers assisting disabled people under the Law 104/1992 by 12 additional days for the months of March and April.
As of 18 June 2020, 451,746 applications for the baby-sitting / summer camp bonuses have been submitted online to the National Institute of Social Security (INPS).
As regards parental leave, 464,599 applications have been registered online, while 406,832 extraordinary leave allowances (amounting to 50% of the remuneration) have been paid to working parents.
Employees in standard employment
Parents in employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The social partners were not involved in the design of the measure.
The social partners supported the measure and asked for its further extension.
Eurofound (2020), Leave and allowance for workers with children and other dependants, measure IT-2020-12/429 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IT-2020-12_429.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.