Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DK-2020-11/660 – Updated – measures in Denmark
|Country||Denmark , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 09 March 2020 – 30 June 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Income protection beyond short-time work
– Income support for unemployed
|Author||Carsten Jørgensen (FAOS, University of Copenhagen), Anders Randrup (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||16 April 2020 (updated 19 July 2021)|
With the different initiatives to support wage earners and self-employed, now follows an initiative from the government to support unemployed people - and in this case - receiving social security protection because the person is no longer eligible for an unemployment benefit. A so-called 225 hours rule in force requires that the unemployed needs to have had 225 hours of employment the last 12 months in order to continuously receiving a cash benefit. This rule the government and the Parliament has suspended on the background that finding a new job is impossible in the current situation.
Legal reference: LFF 2020-04-14 nr 169.
To be able to fulfill the demand of 225 hours work within the last 12 months with the aim to keep the cash benefit requires an active search for jobs. Finding new jobs has become a significantly difficult task. The COVID-19 has send thousands of employees home with a wage compensation waiting for reopening of the labour market. However, this has not avoided a drastic increase in unemployment due to bankruptcies or close downs of parts of a company. On this background, the government and the Parliament on 6 April 2020 decided to put the 225 hours rule on hold with effect from 9 March 2020 and three months forward. This means that the unemployed person receiving social security benefits in this period will receive the cash benefit without documenting 225 hours of employment in the last 12 months nor without having continuously to search for jobs.
A person of 30 years of age with children receives DKK 15,355 a month (1 January 2020). Persons under 30 years without children receives DKK 11,554 a month. Singles under 30 years with children receives DKK 14,677 a month.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|11 May 2021||
The Danish Parliament passed a bill (L 219) to extend the suspension of the 225-hour-rule until the 30 June 2021. The extension is part of an overall framework agreement for the reopening of Denmark from 22 March 2021.
|09 February 2021||
The parties to the agreement agreed to extend the suspension of the 225-hour rule by a further two months until and including 30 April 2021.
Furthermore, the right to commence an educational increase to 110% of their previous unemployment benefit rate by another year, so that the right also applies in 2022.
|10 July 2020||
Due to the Corona situation, the Danish parliament has decided to extend the suspension of the 225-hour rule for social security protection recipients until September 8, 2020.
It is too early to estimate the number of beneficiaries that falls under this specific rule.
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The social partners have expressed agreement with this support measure for unemployed receiving a cash benefit.
There has been no particular reaction from the social partners.
Eurofound (2020), Three months' suspension of eligibility criteria for long-term unemployment benefit holders, measure DK-2020-11/660 (measures in Denmark), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DK-2020-11_660.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.