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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case CZ-2020-42/1383 – measures in Czechia

Care allowance in crisis - during the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic

Krizové ošetřovné

Country Czechia , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 14 October 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Support for parents and carers (financial or in kind)
Author Renata Kyzlinková (RILSA)
Case created 01 November 2020 (updated 20 November 2020)

Background information

The government action closed school institutions at all levels on 14 October 2020.  Therefore the amendment of the definition of care allowance in the Act No. 187/2006 Coll., on Sickness Insurance had to amended in line with the crisis situation. In an extraordinary bill the government has decided to modify the period of validity for payment of the care allowance to support the parents of young schoolchildren who are homeschooling their children. Parents are entitled to care allowance as long as the ban on school attendance remains in force.

Content of measure

The current phrasing of the Act No.187/2006 Coll., on Sickness Insurance provides care allowance for a period of nine calendar days to parents of children under the age of 10 who cannot be put in the care of a school / child-care facility; for single parents the care allowance is for a period of 16 calendar days. In the second wave of COVID-19 epidemic and during the second declaration of a state of emergency from the COVID -19 reasons (started 12 October 2020) the Czech government decided that parents will be entitled to care allowance as long as the ban on school attendance remains.

The allowance can be claimed by parents taking care of:

* child under 10 years of age (The age limit has been decreased compared to the first crisis measure during the first COVID-19 epidemic wave) * dependent children (but not older than 26 years) participating in school attendance and being dependent on the care of another person (from grade I onwards) * persons older than 10 years dependent on the care of another person using the services of daily, weekly hospitals and similar facilities

The amount of the crisis  care allowance  is 70% of the daily basis of assessment per calendar day. However, the government set newly a minimum amount per day CZK 400 (€ 15 aprox.).

Also the self-employed are entitled to apply for the money. The government has approved a financial contribution for the self-employed who are currently at home to take care of children. The Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic, Ministerstvo průmyslu a obchodu České republiky, MPO administrates the program for the self/employed expecting announcements through calls. In the first stage, CZK 200,000,000 (€ 7,309,942 approx.) is allocated from the budget of the MPO. Self-employed persons will be entitled to obtain a fixed amount of CZK 400 (€ 15 approx.) per day. It is new  compared to the last measure related to care allowance,  if the self-employed person decides to draw on the care allowance benefits,  the same person cannot draw on another form of benefits intended for the self-employed persons.

Use of measure

Data not available yet.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Parents in employment
Single parents in employment
Does not apply to businesses Parents

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Informed Informed
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown

Involvement

no involevement

Views and reactions

Not known yet

Sources

  • 16 October 2020: Government approved “nursing benefits” for the self-employed II (www.mpo.cz)
  • 21 October 2020: Krizové ošetřovné (www.mpsv.cz)
  • 30 October 2020: Schillerová „zařízla“ OSVČ: Buď bonus, nebo ošetřovné. Nepomohl ani Senát (www.podnikatel.cz)

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Care allowance in crisis - during the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic, case CZ-2020-42/1383 (measures in Czechia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.