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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case BE-2020-13/1055 – measures in Belgium

Temporary unemployment premium for employees in the metal sector

Aanvullende uitkering in kader van Covid-19 voor werknemers uit de metaalsector (PC 209 en PC 111)

Country Belgium , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 27 March 2020 – 31 December 2020
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Income support for unemployed
Author Dries Van Herreweghe (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) and Eurofound
Case created 02 September 2020 (updated 17 September 2020)

Background information

Both white collar and blue collar employees in the metal sector (joint commitees 209 for white collar and 111 for blue collars) receive an additional premium on top of their economic unemployment benefits that is related to the COVID-19 crisis and/or any of the measures implemented by the government (for example, closures).

Content of measure

The premium amounts to €12.07 per day for full-time employees within the sector and €6.04 per day for part-time employees. The premium is in addition to the general economic unemployment due to COVID-19 as well as the additional premium of €5.63 that is paid out by the Federal Unemployment Services and applicable to all employees that fall under the measure (regardless of sector).

For white collar workers the payment is done by the employer in question, which can recuperate half of the amount from the Social Funds for Employees in the metal sector. Blue collar workers receive the amount automatically through the trade union.

Use of measure

The exact uptake for the specific sector is unknown.


  • Social protection, incl. pension

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Social partners jointly
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


The agreement was negotiated and signed within the relevant joint committees. So it was entirely the competence of the social partners within the sector.

Views and reactions

The measure is signed by all parties involved, all trade unions and employers associations therefore formally agree with it.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C24 Manufacture of basic metals
      C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
      C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
      C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment
      C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
      C29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
      C30 Manufacture of other transport equipment

This case is not occupation-specific.



Eurofound (2020), Temporary unemployment premium for employees in the metal sector , case BE-2020-13/1055 (measures in Belgium), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.