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Factsheet for measure DK-2020-11/707 – Updated – measures in Denmark
|Country||Denmark , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 09 March 2020 – 28 February 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Income protection beyond short-time work
– Extensions of income support to workers not covered by any kind of protection scheme
|Author||Carsten Jørgensen (FAOS, University of Copenhagen), Anders Randrup (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||16 April 2020 (updated 20 January 2022)|
The general rules concerning keeping a two meters distance to other citizens in the public combined with the prohibition of gathering groups of more than 10 people have made live performance – the primary working condition for many artists – completely impossible for actors, performers and musicians. Furthermore, all exhibitions are closed. This means that numerous artists do not have any income due to statutes and rule made as a result of the spread of corona virus. Thus, the Minister of Culture and the Parliament have decided to introduce a support scheme for artists. The scheme is in force from 9 March 2020 until 9 June 2020.
Legal reference: BKG 2020-04-01 nr 332.
Many artists have different contracts during the year. Full-time and short-term contracts are so-called A-income, which in the optic of Danish Tax Authorities refer to employment in an employer/employee relationship while freelance work is B-income, and taxed a different way. The support scheme aim to support both income/tax types due to the variation of both in the working year of the artists. The support is an extension of the support to self-employed and freelancers with B-income, based in law : BKG 2020-04-01 nr 332 – Compensations scheme for self-employed in economic crisis as a result of COVID-19.
Artists that have an aggregate A- and B-income and a taxable income from artistic performance between DKK 100,000 and 800,000 a year can apply for the support scheme. The Ministry of Culture will cover 75% of the expected loss of income.
According to scheme, artists can for example, seek compensation for loss of income based on professional artistic work can be in the form of:
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|09 December 2021||
The government and parties reintroduced the scheme in the period 1 December 2021 to 28 February 2022 due to a rise in infections and restrictions.
|30 June 2021||
The support for artists was re-activated from 1 January 2021 and ran until 30 June 2021.
Under the condition that this scheme only implies artist that do not fall under other Covid-19 support measures, the authorities estimate that the scheme will cost up to DKK 100 million in 2020. The actual amount drawn from the scheme will be monitored continuously.
Employees in standard employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The unions of the artists have since the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis pointed at the special position of the artists on the Danish labour market - as either freelancer or wage earners or both. The existing support packages did not include the employment relations of the artists, they claimed.
They have welcomed the initiative. On the other hand, the employer organisations, in particular Danish Chamber of Commerce, and the unions in commerce and trade - HK/Danmark - have pointed out that the original support legislation regarding self-employed and freelancers only includes work that falls under B-income tax. Consequently, they want the provision extended to encompass both A- and B-income for all self-employed and freelancers.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
This case is occupation-specific
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Legal, social and cultural professionals|
Eurofound (2020), Support scheme for artists with different types of income, measure DK-2020-11/707 (measures in Denmark), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DK-2020-11_707.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.