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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2020-12/452 – measures in Italy

Income protection for the workers' period of quarantine

Misure urgenti per la tutela del periodo di sorveglianza attiva dei lavoratori

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 17 March 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Paid sick leave
Author Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound
Measure added 10 April 2020 (updated 04 May 2020)

Background information

In March 2020, the Italian government took some provisions in order to regulate the economic treatment provided to workers in the private and the public sectors, in case they would have to be quarantined, and therefore prevented from work, after having been in contact with people afflicted by the COVID-19 virus. These measures are new and exceptional, and aimed at extending the COVID-19 quarantine periods with some legal instruments already into force for normal sick-leaves.

The measures for workers of the private sector have been introduced with the Decree Law No. 18/2020 of 17 March 2020 (art. 26). For workers in the public sector, the legal reference is the Decree Law No. 9/2020 of 2 March 2020 (art. 19).

Content of measure

The measure sets that the period spent in quarantine by workers in the private sector is equalised to sickness for what concerns its economic treatment, but cannot be calculated within the maximum number of leave days for sickness (i.e. the maximum number of days a worker can stay home for sickness without losing his/her entitlement). The costs for this measure are financed by the State and not by the National Social Security Institute or the employers.

For workers in the public sector, according to this measure, the period spent in quarantine with active surveillance is equalised to hospitalisation. In this way, the quarantined civil servants are not subject to the deduction set by Article 71 of Law No. 133/2008, that in normal conditions allow them to get an indemnity calculated only on their basic monthly wage, excluding all the additional treatments.

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


Social partners were not involved in the decision making process.

Views and reactions




Eurofound (2020), Income protection for the workers' period of quarantine, measure IT-2020-12/452 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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