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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure DE-2020-14/870 Updated – measures in Germany

Compensation of income losses for parents affected by lockdowns

Lohnfortzahlung für Eltern

Country Germany , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 30 March 2020 – 31 December 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Support for parents and carers (financial or in kind)
Author Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound
Measure added 29 May 2020 (updated 18 July 2020)

Background information

Under Art 56 of the German Infection Protection Act (Infektionsschutzgesetz) particular groups of employees and citizens are entitled to wage compensation if they cannot go to work and earn an income due to Corona-related policy measures.

Paragraph 1a Art 56 refers to parents who are affected by the lockdown of schools and daycare centers and who have to stay at home because they have nooneelse to take care of the kids.

Content of measure

From 30 March 2020 until 31 December 2020, parents who due to the lockdown of schools and daycare centers have to stay at home for looking after their young (aged up to twelve) or disabled children and who are affected by income losses are entitled to ten weeks of income compensation each. A single parent is entitled to 20 weeks of compensation. In case of workers, the employer pays 67% of the net wage up to a maximum of 2016 euros per month. The employer may file a reimbursement request to the responsible state authority. Homeworkers are entitled to 67% of the net average wage of the previous 12 months and self-employed to 67% of an average monthly income.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

28 May 2020

The measure was first introduced in March; on 5 June the time frame was extended from six to ten weeks per parent. The regulation is to take effect retroactively as of 30 March 2020.

Use of measure

no data

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Parents in employment
Does not apply to businesses Parents

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Company level


The trade unions lobbied for the regulation and first the Social democrats in government and subsequently also the Christian Democrats approved the concept. Employer organisations lobbied for the reimbursement of the employers.

Views and reactions

Apprecitaed by both the trade unions and the employer organisations



Eurofound (2020), Compensation of income losses for parents affected by lockdowns, measure DE-2020-14/870 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.