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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PL-2020-11/833 Updated – measures in Poland

Care allowances for working parents forced to provide personal daycare for young children due to school/pre-school system lockdown

Zasiłki opiekuńcze dla pracujących rodziców zmuszonych do sprawowania osobistej dziennej opieki nad dziećmi w związku z zamknięciem placówek oświatowych

Country Poland , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 09 March 2020 – 25 June 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Support for parents and carers (financial or in kind)
Author Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)
Measure added 11 May 2020 (updated 29 September 2023)

Background information

As provided for in the Special Act, if the crèche, kids club, nursery school or school which is closed unexpectedly, the parent (if covered by public sick-leave insurance) of a child up to 8 years of age is entitled to receive an additional care allowance, as he/she is forced to provide personal day care for the children at home. It is also available to parents whose children used to be under day care at home provided by remunerated third persons (babysitters).

Parents of disabled children of up to 16 years of age or up to 18 years of age, if the children have officially recognised special educational needs are also covered. The allowance is available for the entire period of the facilities remaining closed. Schools closed on 25 March but the measure was paid (in a retroactive manner) from 12 March and lasted until 26 July. After the summer holiday, it resumed but only until 20 September. With a possibility of another total lockdown, as of early November, reactivation of the measure is being considered.

Content of measure

Eligible are employees, self-employed and holders of mandate contracts (freelancers) covered by public sick-leave insurance scheme ( ubezpieczenie chorobowe ). The eligible persons have to submit application for the allowance to the entity that pays sick-leave dues on their behalf (either the employer or the other party to the freelance contarcts, the orderer) or Social Security Institution (ZUS) directly (self-employed).

The care allowance amounts to 80% of gross wages or, in case of self-employed, of average monthly revenue (calculated for 12 months). The availability of the measure was said to be subject to prolongation, in line with the actual needs (that is, if the restrictions forcing parents to stay at home were to be extended).


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

12 August 2021

With the second lockdown the measure was extended for periods: 9 November 2020-24 December 2021 and 28 December 2020-25 June 2021.

Use of measure

Since the allowance became available, more then 1,266.1 thousand applications were submitted, of which 1,040.5 thousand (82.2 %) were granted, whose total worth amounted to PLN 704,7 million (€155 million).

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Parents in employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No involvement.

Views and reactions

No positions of social partners are known.


  • 31 March 2020: The Act of 31 March 2020 amending the Act on the System of Development Institutions (
  • 11 May 2020: Additional care allowances: will the government cut financing? (
  • 29 July 2020: Reply of the Social Security Institution to the Ombudsman regrading the delay in payment of allowances (


Eurofound (2020), Care allowances for working parents forced to provide personal daycare for young children due to school/pre-school system lockdown, measure PL-2020-11/833 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.