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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure SE-2020-14/565 Updated – measures in Sweden

'Disease carriers allowance' extended to high-risk groups


Country Sweden , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 02 April 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Paid sick leave
Author Anna-Karin Gustafsson (Oxford Research) and Eurofound
Measure added 13 April 2020 (updated 13 May 2021)

Background information

To be eligible for a disease carrier allowance, a doctor must have decided that you cannot work because you are or may be infected with a disease that is classified as dangerous to public health and society.

COVID-19 has been classified as a disease that is dangerous for public health.

Content of measure

This measure is available for workers who have been confirmed having COVID-19 (or other infectious disease that poses danger to public health). Furthermore, employees who suspect they may have COVID-19 may apply for this allowance for the time they visit doctor and/or visit test results.

The disease carriers allowance is available to all workers, including the currently unemployed (who are searching for work) and the self-employed. It is however not a replacement for the regular sickness benefit. If an employee is too sick to work, their employer would normally pay for the first two weeks of the disease, and then the public insurance agency. It can instead apply to those employees that do not get symptoms, or get mild symptoms and who otherwise would go to work.

Eligible employees receive approximately 80% of their salary. The maximum amount is SEK 804 (€80) per day. In addition, employees may receive compensation for travel costs (e.g. visits to the hospital).

This allowance is paid out by the Swedish Social Insurance Agency.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

09 March 2021

In March 2021, the duration of the temporary extension to family members who live in the same household as a person in risk group was extended. There is no set end date but this extension is in force until Sweden is done with the COVID-19 vaccines.

13 July 2020

In June 2020, this measure was extended to cover certain family members who live in the same household as a person who belongs to a risk group.

This extension applies only to those family members who are caretakers (personal care assistant or other) of the person in risk group and have a job that cannot be done from home.

This extension is in force until the end of September 2020.

The maximum amount of support is SEK 804 per day (approximately €80) and maximum 90 days of support can be received.

The total cost of this extension is estimated to be SEK 70 million (€7 million).

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Does not apply to businesses The COVID-19 risk group
Other groups of citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No information available.

Views and reactions

No information available.


  • 01 May 2020: 'Disease carriers allowance' and travel compensation for employees (Smittbärarpenning och reseersättning för anställda) (
  • 10 June 2020: Preventive sickness allowance for risk groups (Förebyggande sjukpenning för riskgrupper) (
  • 10 July 2020: Coronaviruset – det här gäller (
  • 21 March 2021: Ersättning till riskgrupper förlängs tills vaccinationerna är klara [Compensation for risk groups extended until the vaccination is done] (


Eurofound (2020), 'Disease carriers allowance' extended to high-risk groups, measure SE-2020-14/565 (measures in Sweden), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.