Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2022-14/2242 – Updated – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 April 2022 – 31 December 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Responses to inflation
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||11 May 2022 (updated 13 September 2022)|
The war in Ukraine has increased economic and political uncertainty, and has led to higher commodity prices. The substantial increase in electricity and gas prices may jeopardise the coverage of companies' liquidity needs and put pressure on the cost and price structure of the economy.
Against this background, the Spanish government has decided to promote the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" (Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 of 19 July). The basic objectives of the measures that make up this Plan are to lower energy prices, support the most affected sectors and the most vulnerable groups, and reinforce price stability. The aim is to limit the economic and social costs of this temporary distortion in gas prices and to facilitate the adaptation of the Spanish economy. This support is additional to other existing support measures within Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 (also described in this database), such as:
Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, which approves the "National Plan of response to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine", includes a rebate of 20 cents per litre of refuelled fuel (e.g. diesel, petrol, gas and adblue), for all users (both individual persons and companies). The government applies a rebate of 15 cents, and fuel suppliers (e.g. petrol stations) a minimum of 5 cents.
In other words, the fuel suppliers who collaborate in the implementation of this measure give a discount of 20 cents off the retail price (including taxes) on each supply. Fuel suppliers may apply for a monthly refund of the discounts implied by this rebate (15 cents). They may also request an advance payment from the Tax Agency. The Tax Agency is responsible for the management, control and collection of this discount. This is an extraordinary and temporary discount on the retail price, available between 1 April and 30 June 2022. The budgetary impact of this measure amounts to €1,423 million, charged to the general state budget.
There are no estimated number of users. All Spanish citizens and companies can benefit from this measure.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
As stated in the background section, this measure is part of the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine", and the involvement of social partners is explained for this plan as a whole.
With the aim of reaching a consensus with all interest groups on the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine", the Government, prior to its approval, held a round of contacts with parliamentary groups, social agents, and the autonomous communities (regional governments). On 21 March 2022, the meeting of the "Social Dialogue Table" was held, following on from the meeting held on 7 March with the President of the Government. The representatives of workers and employers had the opportunity to share their proposals for dealing with the economic impact of the war. On the employers' side, the president of the CEOE, Antonio Garamendi, and the president of CEPYME, Gerardo Cuevas, attended; and on the workers' side, the secretary general of UGT, Pepe Álvarez, and the secretary general of CCOO, Unai Sordo.
There are no specific views from social partners on this measure in particular. Concerning the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" as a whole, the unions looked at the huge profits of electricity companies as one of the points to act on. CCOO also proposed to the government to intervene and limit the price of the most expensive raw materials, both for companies and households (gas, electricity and fuel).
From the employers' side, Garamendi (President of CEOE) warned about the temptation for companies to contain dividends, as they can generate mistrust and discourage investment. The president of the employers' association expressed his support for the decisions taken by the European Union and the government since the war began, but called for action to be taken quickly to avoid greater consequences.
Eurofound (2022), 20 cent reduction per litre of fuel refuelled, measure ES-2022-14/2242 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-14_2242.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.