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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2023-1/3042 Updated – measures in Spain

Aid to fuel-dependent sectors

Ayudas a sectores dependientes de los carburantes (Real Decreto-ley 20/2022)

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2023 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Support for fuel expenses
Author Jessica Durán (IKEI) and Eurofound
Measure added 13 February 2023 (updated 28 March 2024)

Background information

The uncertainty linked to the duration of the war and the persistence of upward pressures on food, commodity and intermediate goods prices continues to affect the European and global economy as a whole. In this scenario, it is necessary to continue adopting measures to prevent a rebound in inflation while protecting the most affected and vulnerable groups.

With Royal Decree-Law 20/2022, a new package of measures is adopted, mobilising some €10 billion of public resources, to articulate the economic policy response to the war in Ukraine as of 1 January 2023, adapting it to the current context of inflation, concentrating its action on groups vulnerable to the increase in the price of food and other essential goods and on the sectors most affected by the rise in energy prices.

The measure 20 cent reduction per litre of fuel refuelled has not been extended with Royal Decree-law 20/2022, and the current new measure aiming specific sectors has been introduced.

Content of measure

The government has approved fuel subsidies for the sectors most affected by the rise in fuel prices, such as hauliers, farmers, shipping companies and fishermen. Thanks to this measure, the discount of 20 cents per litre of fuel is maintained for certain professional groups in the transport or agricultural sector (the previous measure, from 2022, which was generalised for all citizens who bought fuel for their vehicles, is eliminated).

For some professional groups that do not benefit from this discount on the price of hydrocarbons, a direct subsidy is established per type of vehicle (taxis, VTC, goods transport, ambulances or buses) ranging from €300 to €3,690.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

28 June 2023

Royal Decree-Law 5/2023, of 28 June, maintains this aid until 31st December 2023, but reduces the amount subsidised. The amount of aid amounts to €0.10 for each litre of fuel purchased during the months of July to September 2023 and €0.05 for each litre of fuel purchased during the months of October to December 2023.

Use of measure

No estimates available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Particular professions
Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Social partners do not take part in the design and approval of these measures (they are not even consulted). The trade union UGT (Unión General de los Trabajadores) has called for "participation" in new reissues of these aid packages in order to contribute ideas that will benefit working people.

Views and reactions

The CCOO trade union (Comisiones Obreras) has stated that limiting the 20 cents subsidy for fuel consumption to professional groups seems reasonable, given the high cost of this measure, around €6 billion, and its markedly regressive nature.

No specific opinions expressed by business organisations have been found.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities
      A2 Forestry and logging
      A3 Fishing and aquaculture
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      H52 Warehousing and support activities for transportation
      H53 Postal and courier activities
    • Occupation (ISCO level 2)
      Drivers and mobile plant operators
      Agricultural, forestry and fishery labourers



Eurofound (2023), Aid to fuel-dependent sectors, measure ES-2023-1/3042 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.