Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2023-1/3042 – Updated – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 January 2023 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
– Support for fuel expenses
|Author||Jessica Durán (IKEI) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||13 February 2023 (updated 07 November 2023)|
The uncertainty linked to the duration of the war and the persistence of upward pressures on food, commodity and intermediate goods prices continues to affect the European and global economy as a whole. In this scenario, it is necessary to continue adopting measures to prevent a rebound in inflation while protecting the most affected and vulnerable groups.
With Royal Decree-Law 20/2022, a new package of measures is adopted, mobilising some €10 billion of public resources, to articulate the economic policy response to the war in Ukraine as of 1 January 2023, adapting it to the current context of inflation, concentrating its action on groups vulnerable to the increase in the price of food and other essential goods and on the sectors most affected by the rise in energy prices.
The measure 20 cent reduction per litre of fuel refuelled has not been extended with Royal Decree-law 20/2022, and the current new measure aiming specific sectors has been introduced.
The government has approved fuel subsidies for the sectors most affected by the rise in fuel prices, such as hauliers, farmers, shipping companies and fishermen. Thanks to this measure, the discount of 20 cents per litre of fuel is maintained for certain professional groups in the transport or agricultural sector (the previous measure, from 2022, which was generalised for all citizens who bought fuel for their vehicles, is eliminated).
For some professional groups that do not benefit from this discount on the price of hydrocarbons, a direct subsidy is established per type of vehicle (taxis, VTC, goods transport, ambulances or buses) ranging from €300 to €3,690.
No estimates available.
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners do not take part in the design and approval of these measures (they are not even consulted). The trade union UGT (Unión General de los Trabajadores) has called for "participation" in new reissues of these aid packages in order to contribute ideas that will benefit working people.
The CCOO trade union (Comisiones Obreras) has stated that limiting the 20 cents subsidy for fuel consumption to professional groups seems reasonable, given the high cost of this measure, around €6 billion, and its markedly regressive nature.
No specific opinions expressed by business organisations have been found.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing||A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities|
|A2 Forestry and logging|
|A3 Fishing and aquaculture|
|H - Transportation And Storage||H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines|
|H52 Warehousing and support activities for transportation|
|H53 Postal and courier activities|
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Drivers and mobile plant operators|
|Agricultural, forestry and fishery labourers|
Eurofound (2023), Aid to fuel-dependent sectors, measure ES-2023-1/3042 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2023-1_3042.html
30 January 2023
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12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.