European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Overview

EU PolicyWatch currently contains 1763 measures introduced by governments and social partners to cushion the social and economic effects on businesses, workers and citizens. The data collection started in 2020 and was last updated in September 2022. More information is available on the Eurofound website:

Use the side navigation to find measures by country, type of measure, category, or target group. Use the dashboard to search and filter policy measures on the following topics by more than 15 attributes:

  • COVID-19: 1592 policy measures
  • War in Ukraine: 304 policy measures
  • Green Transition: 64 policy measures
  • Digital Transformation: 29 policy measures
Dashboard

Categories

Target groups

The database indicates for each measure to which target groups it applies, broadly differentiating between workers, businesses and citizens.

The database contains 42 specific target groups, including for example:

Recently updated measures

Kurzarbeit: New short working time adopted

The measure was adopted in the context of support measures to ensure the strengthening of the labour market, while preventing an increase in the unemployment rate at national level, as well as providi...

Romania | 23 September 2022

Grants for small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises affected by the war in Ukraine

The Council of Ministers approved a new Aid Decree (Decree Law No. 50 of 17 May 2022 on 'Urgent measures on national energy policies, business productivity and investment attraction, as well as on soc...

Italy | 23 September 2022

Energy prices capping: Temporary benefits for consumers

The new emergency ordinance Nr. 27 from 18 March 2022 acts to ensure the capping of the end-user tariffs, but it also includes an extension of the charges for electricity producers, both in time and s...

Romania | 23 September 2022

Involvement of social partners in legislation

Eurofound identified 1142 pieces of legislation and other statutory regulations, 715 of which were entirely new. This section gives an overview of social partner' involvement in designing and implementing these measures.

Role of employers' organisations in designing the measure

  • In 575 measures, employers' organisations were involved:
  • In 304 measures, there was no involvement;
  • For the 263 remaining measures the involvement is unknown, or they were considered as being out of the social partner's domain.

Role of trade unions in designing the measure

  • In 536 measures, trade unions were involved:
  • In 328 measures, there was no involvement;
  • For the 278 remaining measures the involvement is unknown, or they were considered as being out of the social partner's domain.

Implementation, monitoring and assessment phase

  • In 186 measures, social partners were involved:
  • In the remaining 956 measures, there was no involvement or the involvement is unknown.
    • Budapest Helps: Website with information for refugees

      At its session on 13 April 2022 the Assembly of Budapest Municipal Council voted to accept a proposal by the Mayor of Budapest on services to help refugees arriving from Ukraine. The councilors voted ...

      Hungary | 03 June 2022

      Government information page and support for charities for Ukraine

      On 18 March 2022 the Hungarian government published a website with information for people who want to help Ukrainian refugees. The site is titled 'How can I help Ukrainian refugees?' It is also reveal...

      Hungary | 03 June 2022

      Healthcare services for Ukrainian refugees

      Under government decree 86/2022 refugees from Ukraine who are under or have applied for temporary protection are entitled to health-care services specified in decree. A protocol issued by the Ministry...

      Hungary | 03 June 2022

Collective agreements

The EU PolicyWatch database contains 133 collective agreements. Most of them were identified in France and the most commonly found provisions relate to employment retention, health and safety, and income protection.

Contents

30 agreements additionally contain other provisions not mentioned above.

Social partner initiatives

The EU PolicyWatch database contains 83 social partner initiatives. Most of them were identified in Germany and belong to the category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace.

Main themes

Company practices

The EU PolicyWatch database contains 151 company practices. Most of them were identified in Bulgaria and the most commonly found provisions relate to health and safety, work organisation, and telework.

Contents

42 company practices additionally contain other provisions not mentioned above.

Due to the revision process, some cases might temporarily be unavailable.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

12 September 2022

 

First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Article

12 September 2022

 

Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022

 

Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.

Article

16 June 2022

 

Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.