European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Overview

The EU PolicyWatch database currently contains 2,228 measures introduced by governments and social partners to cushion the social and economic effects on businesses, workers and citizens. The data collection started in 2020 and was last updated in January 2023. More information is available on the Eurofound website:

Use the side navigation to find measures by country, type of measure, category, or target group. Use the dashboard to search and filter policy measures on the following topics by more than 15 attributes:

  • COVID-19: 1682 policy measures
  • War in Ukraine: 361 policy measures
  • Green Transition: 113 policy measures
  • Digital Transformation: 72 policy measures
  • Restructuring Support Instruments: 299 policy measures
Dashboard

Categories

Target groups

The database indicates for each measure to which target groups it applies, broadly differentiating between workers, businesses and citizens.

The database contains 42 specific target groups, including for example:

Recently updated measures

Social Insurance Fund (SIF)

In the event of employer insolvency, affected employees are paid statutory minimum payments - statutory redundancy (if applicable), unpaid wages - through the government's Social Insurance Fund (SIF),...

Ireland | 05 January 2023

Enterprise Finance Guarantee scheme (EFG)

Launched in 2009, the [Enterprise Finance Guarantee scheme (EFG)](https://www.british-business-bank.co.uk/ourpartners/supporting-business-loans-enterprise-finance-guarantee/about-efg/), run by the gov...

United Kingdom | 05 January 2023

Women in Innovation Awards

The [Women in Innovation Awards programme](https://ktn-uk.org/programme/women-in-innovation/), established in 2016 by Innovate UK, the UK's innovation agency, provides financial support and practical ...

United Kingdom | 05 January 2023

Involvement of social partners in legislation

Eurofound identified 1516 pieces of legislation and other statutory regulations, 867 of which were entirely new. This section gives an overview of social partner' involvement in designing and implementing these measures.

Role of employers' organisations in designing the measure

  • In 687 measures, employers' organisations were involved:
  • In 367 measures, there was no involvement;
  • For the 462 remaining measures the involvement is unknown, or they were considered as being out of the social partner's domain.

Role of trade unions in designing the measure

  • In 642 measures, trade unions were involved:
  • In 396 measures, there was no involvement;
  • For the 478 remaining measures the involvement is unknown, or they were considered as being out of the social partner's domain.

Implementation, monitoring and assessment phase

  • In 255 measures, social partners were involved:
  • In the remaining 1261 measures, there was no involvement or the involvement is unknown.
    • Social Insurance Fund (SIF)

      In the event of employer insolvency, affected employees are paid statutory minimum payments - statutory redundancy (if applicable), unpaid wages - through the government's Social Insurance Fund (SIF),...

      Ireland | 05 January 2023

      Social protection of employees in the context of the armed conflict in Ukraine

      By Emergency Ordinance, the Executive has regulated indemnity for employees that have lost their jobs directly or indirectly by the impossibility of conducting transactions with economic operators in ...

      Romania | 16 November 2022

      Restructuring of budgetary tax obligations

      In order to revitalize the economy and avoid insolvency proceedings, the mechanism for restructuring budgetary obligations, introduced by Government Ordinance No. 6/2019, has been extended by includin...

      Romania | 16 November 2022

Collective agreements

The EU PolicyWatch database contains 135 collective agreements. Most of them were identified in Germany and the most commonly found provisions relate to employment retention, income protection, and health and safety.

Contents

27 agreements additionally contain other provisions not mentioned above.

    • Sikoflex

      Working time accounts are spreading, resulting in concerns over employees' risk of losing credits and reimbursement in the case of employer insolvency. While the 2009 Act for improving the framework c...

      Germany | 23 June 2022

      Company employment pacts

      The massive economic downturn of 1992 and 1993 drove up mass unemployment in Germany and intensified the pressure on collective bargaining. Public employment policy was subject to limitations due to t...

      Germany | 23 June 2022

      Temporary layoffs

      The Norwegian layoff scheme ensures that an employer can temporarily lay off employees, if there is a justifiable basis for this and the need is temporary. Justifiable reasons may be low influx of ord...

      Norway | 23 June 2022

Social partner initiatives

The EU PolicyWatch database contains 91 social partner initiatives. Most of them were identified in Austria and belong to the category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace.

Main themes

    • European rail transport threatened by soaring electricity prices

      On 9 September 2022 the the Community of European Railway and Infrastructure Companies (CER), together with the European Rail Freight Association (ERFA), called on the European Commission and Member ...

      European Union | 17 September 2022

      Digi-Cheque for upskilling apprentices

      In order to actively support apprentices and companies providing apprenticeship trainings with the challenges caused by the COVID-19 crisis, financial support for supplementary training measures is pr...

      Austria | 14 September 2022

      Mortgage loan deferral for people in financial distress

      Given the increasing cost of living and the continuous reporting of households being affected by the ongoing crisis, the sectoral federation/employers' association Febelfin (Belgische Federatie van de...

      Belgium | 09 September 2022

Company practices

The EU PolicyWatch database contains 152 company practices. Most of them were identified in Bulgaria and the most commonly found provisions relate to health and safety, work organisation, and telework.

Contents

42 company practices additionally contain other provisions not mentioned above.

    • Financial benefits for coal industry workers

      Polska Grópa Górnicza S.A. (PGG, the Polish Mining Group), the biggest coal producer in the EU, agreed to pay compensatory benefits to the coal industry workers. The measure aims to cover for inflatio...

      Poland | 12 September 2022

      Free healthcare offered by LUX MED for refugees from Ukraine

      As a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which started on 24 February 2022, many people entered Poland to seek refuge. The LUX MED Group decided to offer free urgent medical assistance to all t...

      Poland | 20 May 2022

      Lidl offers jobs and language training to Ukrainians in Bulgaria

      Lidl Bulgaria advertised job opportunities for several locations. All cities, covered by Lidl job offers, receive large groups of refugees from Ukraine. The job offers are in Ukrainian language, supp...

      Bulgaria | 16 May 2022

Due to the revision process, some cases might temporarily be unavailable.

Information on topical updates

The database is updated regularly throughout the year with input from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents. This document provides information on the topical updates of the EU PolicyWatch database.

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023

 

Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. As winter approaches, preventing and addressing energy poverty becomes a priority. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound’s EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.

Article

12 September 2022

 

First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Article

12 September 2022

 

Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022

 

Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.

Article

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.