Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2022-14/2248 – Updated – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 April 2022 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
|Author||Jessica Durán (IKEI) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||12 May 2022 (updated 12 March 2023)|
The war in Ukraine has increased economic and political uncertainty, and has led to higher commodity prices. The substantial increase in electricity and gas prices may jeopardise the coverage of companies' liquidity needs and put pressure on the cost and price structure of the economy.
Against this background, the Spanish government has decided to promote the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" (Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 of 19 July). The basic objectives of the measures that make up this plan are to lower energy prices, support the most affected sectors and the most vulnerable groups, and reinforce price stability. The aim is to limit the economic and social costs of this temporary distortion in gas prices and to facilitate the adaptation of the Spanish economy.
This support is additional to other existing support measures within Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 (also described in this database), such as:
Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, which approves the "National Plan of response to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine", contains an extraordinary limitation on the annual update of the rent for the main/habitual residence, avoiding rises of more than 2%. This limitation has been approved to ensure that the evolution of the CPI due to the war is not passed on to the rental price. The aim is to protect tenants from the runaway rise in inflation, which stood at 7.6% in February 2022.
The tenant has the possibility to negotiate with the landlord the increase to be applied in the annual rent update. In the absence of an agreement, the rent may not be updated above the variation experienced by the Competitiveness Guarantee Index (IGC, a price revision rate consistent with the recovery of competitiveness against the Eurozone), currently at 2%. This 2% limit affects annual rent updates that take place between 1 April and 30 June 2022.
There are no estimated number of users. All Spanish citizens living in rented accommodation can benefit from this measure.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||Applies to all citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
As stated in the background section, this measure is part of the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine", and the involvement of social partners is explained for this plan as a whole.
With the aim of reaching a consensus with all interest groups on the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" (Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 of 19 July), the Government, prior to its approval, held a round of contacts with parliamentary groups, social agents, and the autonomous communities (regional governments). On 21 March 2022, the meeting of the "Social Dialogue Table" was held, following on from the meeting held on 7 March with the President of the Government. The representatives of workers and employers had the opportunity to share their proposals for dealing with the economic impact of the war. On the employers' side, the president of the CEOE, Antonio Garamendi, and the president of CEPYME, Gerardo Cuevas, attended; and on the workers' side, the secretary general of UGT, Pepe Álvarez, and the secretary general of CCOO, Unai Sordo.
There are no specific views from social partners on this measure in particular. Concerning the "National Response Plan to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine" as a whole, the unions looked at the huge profits of electricity companies as one of the points to act on. CCOO also proposed to the government to intervene and limit the price of the most expensive raw materials, both for companies and households (gas, electricity and fuel).
From the employers' side, Garamendi (President of CEOE) warned about the temptation for companies to contain dividends, as they can generate mistrust and discourage investment. The president of the employers' association expressed his support for the decisions taken by the European Union and the government since the war began, but called for action to be taken quickly to avoid greater consequences.
Eurofound (2022), Limitation on rental payments for housing, measure ES-2022-14/2248 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-14_2248.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.