Factsheet for case MT-2020-13/264 – Updated – measures in Malta
|Country||Malta , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 24 March 2020 – 31 December 2021|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g. short-time work)
|Author||Luke Anthony Fiorini (University of Malta) and Eurofound|
|Case created||03 April 2020 (updated 07 April 2021)|
|Related ERM support instrument|
This measure provides employees with a basic wage cover in view of the disruption caused by the COVID pandemic to certain industries. Funds are forwarded to employers who are in turn obliged to forward these to their employees. Full time employees in specific sectors will receive €800 a month from the government through their employers. As part of the agreement, employers in these sectors will continue providing their workers with a further €400 a month. Employers who were too highly impacted by the pandemic and cannot afford the further €400 must register with the Department of industrial relations.
Full time employees working in organisations that operate in sectors severely hit by the COVID-19 pandemic, or on order of the Superintendent of Public Health had to suspend their operations are entitled up to five days salary based on a monthly wage of €800. This is also applicable to self-employed individuals. Part-time employees are eligible for €500 a month. The sectors that can apply for this supplement are under constant review and are listed on the Malta Enterprise website (Annex A).
In other sectors also thought to have been hit by the pandemic but to a lesser degree, the list of which are also available on the Malta Enterprise website (Annex B), full time and part-time employees are entitled to the equivalent of one days' salary per week, set at €160 per month and €100 per month, respectively. Those in Gozo are entitled to two days' salary per week; €320 per month for full-time and €200 per month for part-time employees.
Full-time self-employed in sectors thought to have been hit but to a lesser degree who have employees will receive €320 per month, part-time self employed €200 per month. Full-time self-employed based in Gozo in these same sectors will also be entitled to €320 per month but will rise to €480 if they employ staff, and the employees will be entitled to two days salary. Part-time self-employed in Gozo will be entitled to €200, rising to €300 if they employ staff. The employees will receive two days salary.
In July 2020, the sectors in Annex A were reviewed and reduced. Those sectors previously supported by this scheme but not included in the updated Annex A will from July 2020 receive a wage supplement of €600 for full time workers and up to €375 for part time workers, termed Annex C. It was also announced in July 2020 that pensioners and students who were registered as employed with JobsPlus since the 9 March, may now also be considered for the Wage supplement. These were previously ineligible.
By the end of May it was announced that €55 million had been disbursed, saving 93,580 jobs. A futher €25 million was expected to be distributed by the beginning of June.
By mid-September 2020, the Malta Enterprise CEO announced that €200 million had been spent on this measure. Furthermore, around 85% of those who benefitted from the measure were micro, small and medium enterprises.
A September 2020 study by the Malta Employers Association which was conducted amongst its members found that the COVID-19 wage supplement was rated as the most effective financial measure with 62% rating it as effective.
In mid-September 2020, the measure had cost €200 million. This amounts to almost the entire €215 million budget approved by the EU Commission under the State Aid Temporary Framework adopted by the Commission on 19 March 2020. However, this figure needs to be treated with caution, as various ministers and stakeholders mentioned different sums.
It was announced in parliament that by the end of January 2021, the Malta Enterprise had received 21,855 applications for this scheme. Most applications fell under Annex A (14,987), whilst 3,465 fell under Annex B. The remaining 3,403 were not eligible. Of the approved applications, these covered 92,443 workers, of which 54,101 were full time and 10,662 part-time in Annex A, whilst 25,020 were full-time and 2,660 part-time in Annex B. The total cost of the scheme was almost €350 million.
|Applies to all workers||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners initially aired their COVID-19 related concerns both publicly and directly with the government. This led the government to announce a series of packages, with the current measure forming part of the third package. The measures that formed part of this third package were the result of tripartite negotiations between Malta's largest trade unions, employer associations, the government and the Central Bank. It was unanimously approved by the Malta Council for Economic and Social Development (MCESD). The measure is administered by the Government via the Malta Enterprise.
Consultation was carried out in the Malta Council for Economic and Social Development (MCESD), a tripartite body, with the government announcing that agreement was reached in this forum.
Employer associations were vocal in the press following the official announcement stating their agreement with the new measures.
Some employers in sectors which have not been included in the measures have also been vocal in the press that their workers should also be included. These include those in marketing and real estate.
In March 2021, the outgoing President of the Malta Chamber, an employer's association, noted that the wage supplement could make 'businesses lazy' and that the money spent on this measure would only be an investment if organisations also re-engineered so as to face the new realities that COVID-19 had brought. He therefore pushed for re-engineering plans to be carried out in tandem.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|C - Manufacturing||C10 Manufacture of food products|
|C11 Manufacture of beverages|
|C12 Manufacture of tobacco products|
|C13 Manufacture of textiles|
|C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel|
|C15 Manufacture of leather and related products|
|C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials|
|C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products|
|C18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media|
|C19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products|
|C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products|
|C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations|
|C22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products|
|C23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products|
|C24 Manufacture of basic metals|
|C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment|
|C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products|
|C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment|
|C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.|
|C29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), COVID-19 wage supplement , case MT-2020-13/264 (measures in Malta), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.