Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2022-14/2294 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 April 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 May 2022 (updated 21 June 2022)|
The war in Ukraine, in addition to threatening European and global security and stability, is having serious consequences in all areas, particularly in the economic and social spheres. But beyond the severe economic and energy crisis, the most devastating effect of the war is the profound humanitarian crisis suffered by the Ukrainian people. One of the most serious consequences of the humanitarian crisis generated by the invasion, in addition to the loss of life and the drama of the war, is the huge number of people displaced as a result of the war.
This support is additional to other existing support measures within Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 (also described in this database), such as the easement of formalities for Ukrainian refugees, read more on the EU PolicyWatch Data Base .
Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 ("National Plan of response to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine") includes the approval of an extraordinary credit of €1.2 billion in 2022 for the reception of refugees from Ukraine. This is a bridging funding scheme, as the impact of the crisis will be financed by European funds, based on the CARE (Cohesion's Action for Refugees in Europe) Regulation and the relaxation of the use of REACT-EU funds to deal with the Ukraine emergency.
The extraordinary credit will cover all the expenses for the implementation of the Reception, Care and Referral Centres (CREADE), as well as the reinforcement of places in the reception system and the rest of the amounts necessary for the care of people from Ukraine. Specifically, four Reception and Referral Centres in Madrid, Barcelona, Alicante and Malaga will be set up, the areas with the highest number of refugee arrivals. These reception centres are only related to Ukranian refugees. This measure reinforces the guarantee of a dignified reception for the influx of displaced Ukrainians and is a further demonstration of the Government's commitment to refugees.
As of May 2022 are no estimated numbers of potential beneficiaries. All persons of Ukrainian origin applying for Spanish protection can benefit from it.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Trade unions have expressed their solidarity with the people of Ukraine in numerous statements and rallies. Trade unions CCOO and UGT believe that the Spanish government and the European Union must rise to the occasion and act as this situation requires. Spain and Europe must provide all necessary support to those affected by the war, both in their country of origin and in the place to which they move, ensuring the establishment of humanitarian corridors and developing reception and relocation plans within the EU. Employment opportunities should also be provided to facilitate social integration.
Eurofound (2022), Refugee Reception Centres for the care of people from Ukraine, measure ES-2022-14/2294 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-14_2294.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.