Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2022-14/2293 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 April 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 May 2022 (updated 21 June 2022)|
The war in Ukraine, in addition to threatening European and global security and stability, is having serious consequences in all areas, particularly in the economic and social spheres. But beyond the severe economic and energy crisis, the most devastating effect of the war is the profound humanitarian crisis suffered by Ukrainian people. Given the possibility that the European Union may be confronted with a large number of displaced persons as a result of the war, the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) Council adopted Implementing Decision (EU) 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, noting the existence of a massive influx of displaced persons from Ukraine, with a view to triggering the mechanism of temporary protection.
As a consequence of this context of war, for those persons of Ukrainian origin who are in Spanish territory it is difficult to obtain their birth certificate or criminal record certificate in order to apply for Spanish nationality. This support is additional to other existing support measures within Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 (also described in this database), such as the Refugee Reception Centres for the care of people from Ukraine,read more on the EU PolicyWatch Data Base .
Royal Decree-Law 6/2022 ("National Plan of response to the economic and social consequences of the war in Ukraine") establishes that persons of Ukrainian origin applying for Spanish nationality are exempt from providing birth certificates and criminal records from their country of origin. Persons of Ukrainian origin are thus assimilated to refugees and stateless persons. They will also be exempt from providing this documentation in civil registry procedures for the duration of the conflict (without prejudice to the obligation to provide it in the future). In both cases, a declaration of responsibility must be made by the person concerned with regard to the data that the corresponding certificates would certify.
In addition, a simplified 24-hour procedure has been put in place for obtaining temporary protection (the figure activated by the EU to respond to the Ukrainian exodus). The Spanish government's commitment is that the application will be processed and resolved in a maximum of 24 hours. Temporary protection guarantees residence and work authorisation, financial support, reception resources and access to health and education for a minimum period of one year, extendable to three.
There are no estimated numbers of potential beneficiaries. All persons of Ukrainian origin applying for Spanish protection can benefit from it.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
EU (Council, EC, EP)
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No involvement of social partners.
Trade unions have expressed their solidarity with the people of Ukraine in numerous statements and rallies. Trade unions CCOO and UGT believe that the Spanish government and the European Union must rise to the occasion and act as this situation requires. Spain and Europe must provide all necessary support to those affected by the war, both in their country of origin and in the place to which they move, ensuring the establishment of humanitarian corridors and developing reception and relocation plans within the EU. Employment opportunities should also be provided to facilitate social integration.
Eurofound (2022), Easement of formalities for Ukrainian refugees, measure ES-2022-14/2293 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-14_2293.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.