Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SK-2022-19/2331 – Updated – measures in Slovakia
|Country||Slovakia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 02 May 2022 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Daniela Keselova (IVPR) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||18 May 2022 (updated 10 July 2023)|
The active labour market measures include the projects and programmes to support integration of a third country citizen who applied for or was granted asylum or who was granted the temporary refugee status. The aim is to facilitate their inclusion into the labour market by the provision of measures and services supporting their employability and employment.
The Offices of Labour, Social Affairs and Family will provide allowances for education and training of people from Ukraine with granted temporary protection status. The support is provided within the project Help to Refugees as the Measure 1. The project was developed within the Operational Programme Human Resources.
The Act No. 92/2022 Coll. adds some amendments to the Act No. 5/2004 on employment services. Section 54 focuses on projects and programmes provided to increase the employability of job-seekers.
The aim of the education and training for refugees is to gain knowledge and skills necessary for social inclusion and integration into the labour market. Based on their preferences or educational needs, the refugee chooses the particular accredited or licensed educational course or training and course provider. Within the project, the preferences or educational needs can be identified within another measure focused on labour market orientation and career guidance of the refugee.
The labour offices provide the websites with the educational and training courses to help with the choice. The measure supports various professional courses. Among the key competencies courses, only language and computer courses are supported. The driver’s license B course is not eligible for the support. The courses can be provided in present or distant form and only in the Slovak Republic.
The applicant needs to submit the application to receive the allowance for the educational course at least 15 calendar days before the course starts. As the measure is facultative, the labour office assesses each application individually to ensure the cost efficiency. The allowance is paid after the person finishes the course successfully. The allowance is provided based on a written agreement between the applicant and a labour office if the labour office approves the application. The allowance consists of two parts – the course allowance paid to the provider at 100% of the course costs and a flat-rate allowance to cover the personal costs paid to the refugee.
A total of 2,652 refugees from Ukraine participated in education and training within this measure in 2022. Of them, almost 85% were women. Regarding the educational structure of participants, 53% had completed tertiary education and 35% had gained upper secondary education. The vast majority of refugees (almost 86%) participated in Slovak language courses learning Slovak as a foreign language. The total expenditure for education and training of refugees was €1,126,752 in 2022.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No involvement of social partners in designing, implementing and monitoring the measure.
No social partner's views / reactions to the measure are available.
Eurofound (2022), Helping Refugees: Measure 1 - Education and training of refugees, measure SK-2022-19/2331 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2022-19_2331.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.