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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure SK-2022-14/2308 – measures in Slovakia

Financing employment of refugees from Ukraine

Podpora umiestnenia utečencov z Ukrajiny na slovenskom trhu práce

Country Slovakia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 30 March 2022 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Rastislav Bednarik
Measure added 18 May 2022 (updated 08 September 2022)

Background information

The invasion of Russian troops into Ukraine resulted in a mass migration of civilians from Ukraine to Slovak territory as well. During their stay in Slovakia, they need to work and earn a living, and therefore apply for a job. However, the Slovak labor market is less friendly to job-seekers from third countries. Therefore, the government has taken measures to facilitate the recruitment of Ukrainian job seekers. Act No. 5/2004 Coll. is amended by the Act No. 92/2022 Z.z. on some other measures in relation to the situation in Ukraine. The conditions of employment of third-country nationals and the period of validity of the vacancy certificate, which corresponds to a highly qualified job, the vacancy certificate and the work permit are amended.

Content of measure

In order to facilitate social inclusion and integration into the labor market, primarily of citizens from Ukraine with granted temporary refuge due to the armed conflict in Ukraine, the amendment of Act No. 5/2004 Coll. defines that active labour market measures include also projects and programmes to support the integration of third-country citizens with granted temporary refuge or with granted asylum or who is an asylum seeker.

The Office of Labour, Social Affairs and the Family can thus receive and finance job creation for job-seekers from Ukraine through a number of instruments, such as the "project and program financing" instrument. At the same time, the amendment to the Act simplifies the process of filling the vacancies. It is sufficient for the employer to ask the employment office to issue a certificate of the possibility of filling the vacancy (the third-country national no longer has to apply to the police for a work permit).

This will only apply for the period until the emergency situation in the state is revoked.

Use of measure

The Center for Labor, Social Affairs and the Family has prepared the project "We help people who have left Ukraine". One of several measures also supports employers who decide to employ these people in the form of volunteering. Volunteering includes activities such as working in a community center as a language teacher or social worker, but also cleaning public green spaces, care of dependent people, including children or household duties.

Employers can receive a contribution to ensure this activity in the maximum amount of €110.72 per month per person for a maximum of six months. There is a possibility of repetition for a maximum of another six months with another employer. At the same time, a withdrawn person from Ukraine can receive a monthly flat-rate contribution of €218.06, which is intended to cover the necessary costs associated with the volunteering. The financial coverage of the project is provided through the system of National Projects, but the planned scope has not been entrusted.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Migrants or refugees in employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
Local / regional government
Public employment service
European Funds
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Informed Informed
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level

Involvement

Their involvement was requested by institutional setting.

Views and reactions

The social partner organizations welcomed the measure. The influx of job seekers from Ukraine will help reduce job vacancies. Attitudes of employers' organizations - AZZZ - said that we need workers from Ukraine. The risk is whether they really stay in Slovakia. (5 May2022) RUZ - Prepared Guidelines for employers on how to proceed in the employment of citizens of Ukraine (7 March 2022) APZD - prepared an active database of vacancies for applicants from Ukraine (23 March 2022).Attitudes of Trade unions: KOZ - - said that the arrival of the labor force from Ukraine will help the labor market in Slovakia. Ukrainians will help fill jobs in long-term scarce professions.

Sources

  • 07 March 2022: RUZ - Usmernenie zamestnávateľom k postupu prípadného zamestnávania občanov Ukrajiny (www.ruzsr.sk)
  • 22 March 2022: Lex Ukrajina II: Act No. 92/2022 Coll. on Other certain measures referred to the situation in Ukraine (Zákon č. 92/2022 Z. z. o niektorých ďalších opatreniach v súvislosti so situáciou na Ukrajine) (www.slov-lex.sk)
  • 22 March 2022: Dôvodová správa k Zákonu č. 92/2022 Z. z. (rokovania.gov.sk)
  • 23 March 2022: APZD – Záujemcovia o zamestnanie – aktívna databáza (www.asociaciapz.sk)
  • 05 May 2022: AZZZ - We need Ukrainian workers. The question is, will they really stay here (5 May2022 (www.azzz.sk)
  • 10 May 2022: Press release of Labour Office : Project We help people from Ukraine
  • 07 June 2022: KOZ – Ukrajinci pomôžu obsadiť voľné pracovné miest (www.kozsr.sk)

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Financing employment of refugees from Ukraine, measure SK-2022-14/2308 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2022-14_2308.html

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