Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SK-2022-14/2308 – measures in Slovakia
|Country||Slovakia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 30 March 2022 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Measure added||18 May 2022 (updated 20 April 2023)|
The invasion of Russian troops into Ukraine resulted in a mass migration of civilians from Ukraine to Slovak territory as well. During their stay in Slovakia, they need to work and earn a living, and therefore apply for a job. However, the Slovak labor market is less friendly to job-seekers from third countries. Therefore, the government has taken measures to facilitate the recruitment of Ukrainian job seekers. Act No. 5/2004 Coll. is amended by the Act No. 92/2022 Z.z. on some other measures in relation to the situation in Ukraine. The conditions of employment of third-country nationals and the period of validity of the vacancy certificate, which corresponds to a highly qualified job, the vacancy certificate and the work permit are amended. The Center for Labor, Social Affairs and the Family has prepared the project "We help people who have left Ukraine". One of several measures also supports employers who decide to employ these people in the form of volunteering.
The Office of Labour, Social Affairs and the Family can thus receive and finance job creation for job-seekers from Ukraine through a number of instruments, such as the "project and program financing" instrument. The monthly contribution to the employer (for the purpose of purchasing work aids, for accident insurance and for the salary of an employee organizing volunteer activities) is in the amount of €110.72 for each withdrawn person from Ukraine who participates in volunteer activities, during a period of 6 months. There is a possibility of repetition for a maximum of another six months with another employer. At the same time, a withdrawn person from Ukraine can receive a monthly flat-rate contribution of €218.06, which is intended to cover the necessary costs associated with the volunteering. The financial coverage of the project is provided through the system of National Projects, but the planned scope has not been entrusted.
This will only apply for the period until the emergency situation in the state is revoked. The total budget allocated to this measure was not determined, but is limited by set conditions.
The Center for Labor, Social Affairs and the Family has prepared the project "We help people who have left Ukraine". One of several measures also supports employers who decide to employ these people in the form of volunteering. (Volunteering activity is not entitled to a salary and includes activities such as working in a community center as a language teacher or social worker, but also cleaning public green spaces, care of dependent people, including children or household duties.)
From the end of February to the end of July 2022, more than 700,000 citizens fleeing the war from Ukraine crossed the borders of Slovakia. Approximately 90,000 of them, both adults and children, found temporary refuge in Slovakia and obtained the status of sojourners. About a third of them found employment (according to the statistics of the Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family): in July 2022, a total of 30,042 people were employed (of which 49.9% were women).
Migrants or refugees in employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Local / regional government
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Their involvement was requested by institutional setting.
The social partner organizations welcomed the measure. The influx of job seekers from Ukraine will help reduce job vacancies. Attitudes of employers' organizations - AZZZ - said that we need workers from Ukraine. The risk is whether they really stay in Slovakia. (5 May2022) RUZ - Prepared Guidelines for employers on how to proceed in the employment of citizens of Ukraine (7 March 2022) APZD - prepared an active database of vacancies for applicants from Ukraine (23 March 2022).Attitudes of Trade unions: KOZ - - said that the arrival of the labor force from Ukraine will help the labor market in Slovakia. Ukrainians will help fill jobs in long-term scarce professions.
Eurofound (2022), Financing employment of refugees from Ukraine, measure SK-2022-14/2308 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2022-14_2308.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.