Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SK-2022-14/2307 – measures in Slovakia
|Country||Slovakia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 30 March 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Access to healthcare
|Measure added||18 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)|
The invasion of Russian troops into Ukraine resulted into a mass migration of civilians from Ukraine to Slovak territory as well. They need health care during their stay in Slovakia. By Act No. 92/2022 Coll. on some other measures in connection with the situation in Ukraine the Government amended, inter alia, the Act No. 580/2004 Coll. on health insurance to ensure that refugees from Ukraine are reimbursed for emergency medical services.
The law guarantees a person without the public healthcare insurance in Slovakia, resides in the territory of Ukraine and enters the territory of the Slovak Republic in connection with the armed conflict in the territory of Ukraine, that they are entitled to reimbursement of urgent medical care.
This right arises upon arrival in Slovakia and ends on the day on which they apply for asylum, or applies for the provision of subsidiary protection, or for the provision of temporary refuge. This reimbursement in such a regime may last for a maximum of 30 days from the date of entry into the territory of the Slovak Republic. The costs incurred are reimbursed by the Ministry of Health to the health insurance company with the largest number of policyholders (Všeobecná zdravotná poisťovňa).
If Slovakia is just a transiting country for war refugees from Ukraine, the persons will have to pay full costs for health care provided. If a citizen from Ukraine acquires the status of temporary refugee, they will be entitled to urgent medical care. If war refugees apply for asylum in Slovakia, they will be entitled to urgent medical care and, in justified cases, to full medical care. After asylum or subsidiary protection being granted, they will be entitled to the full range of healthcare.
Due to the considerable uncertainty (unknown duration of the conflict, unknown total number of refugees who will apply for temporary refuge in the Slovak Republic), it is not possible to quantify the costs of necessary health care precisely.
The government material estimates the costs at about €27 million for the year 2022: with the number of applicants for temporary refuge in the Slovak Republic about 40,000. However, this estimate may vary significantly depending on the continuing development of the war. The TASR report states that as of 14 May 2022, a total of 75,790 applicants have been granted temporary refuge since March.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Involvement of social partners was requested by institutional setting.
The social partners - both employers and trade unions - welcomed the government's decision.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities||Q86 Human health activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2022), Providing healthcare for refugees from Ukraine, measure SK-2022-14/2307 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2022-14_2307.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.