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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure SK-2020-12/261 – measures in Slovakia

Transfer of employees from hotels and restaurants to food industry

Presun pracovných síl z hotelov a reštaurácií do potravinárskeho priemyslu

Country Slovakia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 19 March 2020 – 30 June 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Non-binding recommendations or other texts
Category Reorientation of business activities
– Transfer or redeployment of workers
Author Rastislav Bednarik, Ludovit Cziria, Daniela Keselova, Miroslava Kordosova (IVPR) and Eurofound
Measure added 03 April 2020 (updated 06 October 2020)

Background information

The Association of Hotels and Restaurants of Slovakia (AHRS) and Food Chamber of Slovakia agreed to cooperate in transferring redundant employees from hotels and restaurants to food industry.

The hotels and restaurants were closed or limited their operation and the demand for food products in food industry increased. This measure was set in order to meet higher demand in food industry and to avoid unemployment of employees working in the closed hotels and restaurants with limited operation.

Content of measure

Due to the closure of hotels and restaurants and resulted staff redundancy on one side and a high demand for food products on the other side, the Association of Hotels and Restaurants of Slovakia and the Food Chamber of Slovakia started to cooperate.

The Association and the Chamber help hotel and restaurant employers (posting employers) and food industry employers (user employers) with transfer and with temporary work assignments according to the Labour Law framework. The cooperation is applied through the contract between posting employer and the user employer. Also an agreement between the employee and his/her posting employer is signed. A shared file was created in order to collect information on labour force offer and demand regarding these two sectors.

Use of measure

According to AHRS estimates and evaluation, there were about 350 employees from hotels and restaurants ready to work in food industry. There was also a similar number of vacancies at user employers. This initiative had a very positive impact on employment retention. It was created at the beginning of lockdown when there was no information on the length of pandemic closure. Moreover, no detailed information on employers' support was known. It has been considered as a significant and useful help for hotels and restaurants in terms of cost savings and the creation of financial reserves.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Employers' organisations
Company / Companies
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Only employers' organisations
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level

Involvement

Based on the negotiations the Association of Hotels and Restaurants of Slovakia and Food Chamber of Slovakia agreed on mutual cooperation.

Views and reactions

There are positive views on this initiative. Also other food industry organisations (for example the Association of Meet Processing, the Slovak Chamber of Agriculture and Food and the Slovak Milk Association) joined the initiative. Moreover, Bratislava Self-governing region supports the agreement between the Association and the Food Chamber. According to the chairman of Bratislava Self-governing region "it is a way to help thousands of people who are currently out of work and to tackle the problem in food industry businesses which experience higher demand for products and lack of labour force" .

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities I55 Accommodation
      I56 Food and beverage service activities

This case is not occupation-specific.

Sources

  • 19 March 2020: Association of hotels and restaurants of Slovakia (Asociácia hotelov a reštaurácií Slovenska) (www.ahrs.sk)
  • 20 March 2020: Transfer of free labour force from hotels and restaurants into food industry (Presun voľných pracovných síl z hotelov a reštaurácií do potravinárskeho priemyslu) (nova.blog.pravda.sk)
  • 20 March 2020: Food chamber of Slovakia (Potravinárska komora Slovenska) (www.potravinari.sk)
  • 20 March 2020: Bratislava region supports the agreement between hotels and food industry (Bratislavský kraj podporuje dohodu medzi hoteliermi a potravinármi) (www.teraz.sk)
  • 20 March 2020: Food industry and hotels agreed on mutual cooperatio (Potravinári a hotelieri sa dohodli na vzájomnej spolupráci) (www.sppk.sk)
  • 06 April 2020: Agreement on changes in working conditions during temporary assignment (Dohoda o zmene pracovných podmienok počas dočasného pridelenia) (www.dropbox.com)
  • 06 April 2020: Agreement on employees temporary assignment (Zmluva o dočasnom pridelení zamestnancov) (www.dropbox.com)

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Transfer of employees from hotels and restaurants to food industry, measure SK-2020-12/261 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2020-12_261.html

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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.