European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure SI-2022-36/2839 – measures in Slovenia

Measures to mitigate rising energy costs

Ukrepi za omilitev energetske kriz

Country Slovenia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 September 2022 – 31 August 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Responses to inflation
– Support for energy bills
Author Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound
Measure added 12 September 2022 (updated 09 October 2022)

Background information

Increases in prices, volatile energy markets and supply uncertainties induced the government to adopt various measures to prevent social hardship and mitigate risks in energy supply. The first set of interventions tackles increases in energy prices. For this purpose, the government extended lower value added and lower excise duty on energy products, adopted in spring 2022 and issued new decrees limiting the electricity and natural gas prices for households and small businesses since 1 September 2022. The second set of measures addresses energy supply risks. While rules on frugal energy consumption in the public sector have already entered into force, two other draft laws on state guarantees and urgency measures in case of energy supply disruptions are in parliamentary procedure.

Content of measure

Following the increases in energy prices, the government adopted the following measures to prevent social hardship:

  1. Electricity price cap for households and small businesses between 1 September 2022 and 31 August 2023;
  2. Lower excise duty and lower value-added tax (9.5%) on energy products and electricity between 1 September 2022 and 31 May 2023 (except heating oil for now being);
  3. Since 1 September 2022, a lower tax for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources and in high-efficiency cogeneration;
  4. Cap on natural gas prices for households and small businesses between 1 September 2022 and 31 August 2023;
  5. Mandatory alternate gas supplier to all those who would suddenly remain without a supplier.

On the other hand, the government addressed the risks in natural gas supply by issuing rules on frugal energy consumption in the public sector (a maximum cooling of 25°C; maximum heating of 20°C). The government webpage on energy crisis measures includes instructions and apps for calculating monthly electricity prices and natural gas prices . Apps give consumers tools to control the increases in prices and compare various suppliers of electricity or natural gas.

Use of measure


Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers SMEs
Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


The social partners were not involved in the design of measures.

Views and reactions

Employer organisations (Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia – GZS, Association of Employers Slovenia - ZDS, Slovenian Chamber of Commerce – TZS, Chamber of Craft and Small Businesses of Slovenia – OZS, Association of Employers in Craft and Small Business of Slovenia - ZDOPS) campaign for a general energy price cap on the European level. While the maximum price of electricity and natural gas so far applies only to households and small businesses, employer organisations campaign to be extended to all companies notwithstanding their size.

No views are available from trade unions.


  • 14 July 2022: Decree on the determination of electricity prices (Uredba o določitvi cen električne energije (
  • 21 July 2022: Decree on the determination of natural gas prices (Uredba o določitvi cen zemeljskega plina (
  • 17 August 2022: Government RS, Measures to mitigate the effects of rising costs in the field of energy (Ukrepi za omilitev draginje na področju energetike (
  • 05 September 2022: The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia (GZS), Meeting of economy and politics: businessmen expected more (Srečanje gospodarstva in politike: gospodarstveniki pričakovali več (


Eurofound (2022), Measures to mitigate rising energy costs, measure SI-2022-36/2839 (measures in Slovenia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. As winter approaches, preventing and addressing energy poverty becomes a priority. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound’s EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.