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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure SI-2022-11/2273 – measures in Slovenia

Access to childcare and education for Ukrainian refugees

Dostop do izobraževanja in otroškega varstva za ukrajinske begunc

Country Slovenia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 09 March 2022 – 09 March 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Access to childcare and education
Author Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound
Measure added 13 May 2022 (updated 21 June 2022)

Background information

Following the outbreak of war in Ukraine and a massive exodus of population, the temporary protection for persons displaced from Ukraine was activated by adopting the government decision on 9 March 2022 ( Decision establishing temporary protection for persons displaced from Ukraine ). The further Decree on the methods for ensuring the rights of persons enjoying temporary protection (24 March 2022) determined the rights of persons with temporary protection and applicants for temporary protection.

Refugees from Ukraine are endowed with the right to take part in education from pre-school to university level. The Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants made the information on measures available through printed and online brochures, a webpage and a free call number.

The measure is limited to one year with two further possible extensions of six months.

Content of measure

In Slovenia, Ukraine refugees have the right to take part in the education process from pre-school to university level. For the youngest children in kindergartens, the costs are covered by the state budget if the family has no income.

The Government Decree (adopted on 24 March 2022) enabled the enrolment of Ukrainian children into primary and secondary schools as well as into university during the school year. In the absence of education certificates, schools are allowed to test previous knowledge by initial interviews and other possible ways of determining prior knowledge. Upon the Ministry of Education’s approval, schools may admit Ukraine students under temporary protection beyond their limits of enrollment slots established before the war. For refugees from Ukraine, transportation and school meals are free of charge.

Use of measure

A month after the arrival of the first refugees, 131 children were admitted to 64 primary schools. According to the Minister of Education, it is essential to enable children a normal life and make them feel safe and part of the society in which they temporarily reside.

On 6 May 2022, about 6,000 Ukrainian citizens applied for temporary protection.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Children (minors)
Migrants or refugees
Students

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
European Funds
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A

Involvement

The measure was adopted without prior consultation with social partners.

Views and reactions

In press releases, social partners expressed their solidarity with Ukrainian refugees. On the other hand, the media raise the question of unequal treatment of refugees on the ground of their origin. They asked why the ‘decent treatment’ of Ukraine refugees is not applied to all. In their letter, asylum seekers stressed double standards when Ukraine citizens and when other refugees are concerned. The state provided new beds and better food for Ukraine refugees in accommodation centers. They, moreover, are allowed to stay in private accommodations, have immediate access to work and receive income support, the privileges asylum seekers can only dream of. Asylum seekers thus demanded equal treatment, the right to work and access to the social system, the right to free movement, access to decent health care, decent housing in asylum centers and legal assistance to which they have otherwise the lawful right.

Sources

  • 09 March 2022: Decision establishing temporary protection for persons displaced from Ukraine (Sklep o uvedbi začasne zaščite za razseljene osebe iz Ukrajine (pisrs.si)
  • 24 March 2022: Access to the labour market and education for Ukraine refugees (www.dnevnik.si)
  • 25 March 2022: Decree on the methods for ensuring rights of persons enjoying temporary protection (Uredba o načinu zagotavljanja pravic osebam z začasno zaščito (pisrs.si)
  • 08 April 2022: Asylum seekers point to double standard (www.dnevnik.si)
  • 07 May 2022: Many refugees do not know what rights they have (www.delo.si)

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Access to childcare and education for Ukrainian refugees, measure SI-2022-11/2273 (measures in Slovenia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2022-11_2273.html

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