Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SI-2022-11/2271 – Updated – measures in Slovenia
|Country||Slovenia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 09 March 2022 – 04 March 2024|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Other humanitarian measures
|Author||Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||13 May 2022 (updated 13 June 2023)|
Following the outbreak of war in Ukraine and a massive exodus of population, the temporary protection for persons displaced from Ukraine was activated by adopting the government decision on 9 March 2022 ( Decision establishing temporary protection for persons displaced from Ukraine ). The further Decree on the methods for ensuring the rights of persons enjoying temporary protection (24 March 2022) determined the rights of persons with temporary protection and applicants for temporary protection.
Apart from other entitlements, Ukrainian refugees were endowed with the right to income support. The Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants made the information on measures available through printed and online brochures, a website and a free call number.
The measure is limited to one year with two further possible extensions of six months.
According to the Government Decree from 24 March 2022, refugees from Ukraine are entitled to income support.
People in accommodation centres, where food is provided, receive €120 a month. Those living with relatives or in private apartments have the right to income support under the condition that they have no income of their own. An adult (or an unaccompanied minor) obtains the maximum income support of €421 a month. This is the equivalent of the so-called minimum income in Slovenia. It is increased by 70% for the second family adult and 30% for a child below the age of 18. Moreover, minors who are staying in Slovenia with only one parent receive 30% more support. For instance, an adult with two children obtains €928 a month of income support.
Other humanitarian measures include the right to family reunion, free legal help and information on the rights and duties. Ukraine refugees are allowed to enrol in integration programmes which includes education on the Slovene language. The government website offers information in Slovenian and Ukrainian languages. The Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants assists refugees in administrative procedures.
As of 6 May 2022, about 500 Ukraine refugees were in accommodation centres. The rest of the refugees were staying with relatives, friends or in rented private apartments. So far, about 6,000 Ukrainian citizens have applied for temporary protection, and 2,396 procedures have resulted in recognised status. The police reported the registration of 5,728 Ukraine citizens. According to The Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants, this number is lower than the number of applications because some have already returned to Ukraine or moved to other European countries.
The Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants (UOIM) reported that 6.765 Ukraine refugees (or 83% of registered refugees with temporary protection) receive income support (date from February 2023). The percentage is even higher as each support may cover more family members. If we take into account that refugees accommodated in state housing (7%) get pocket money, and the assistance received (83% coverage) may include several family members, then well over 90% of refugees receive income support
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The measure was adopted without prior consultation with social partners.
In press releases, social partners expressed their solidarity with refugees from Ukraine. On the other hand, the media raise the question of unequal treatment of refugees on the ground of their origin. They asked why the ‘decent treatment’ of Ukraine refugees is not applied to all. In their letter, asylum seekers stressed double standards when Ukraine citizens and when other refugees are concerned. The state provided new beds and better food for Ukraine refugees in accommodation centers. They, moreover, are allowed to stay in private accommodations, have immediate access to work and receive income support, the privileges asylum seekers can only dream of. Asylum seekers thus demanded equal treatment, the right to work and access to the social system, the right to free movement, access to decent health care, decent housing in asylum centers and legal assistance to which they have otherwise the lawful right.
Eurofound (2022), Income support and other humanitarian measures for Ukrainian refugees, measure SI-2022-11/2271 (measures in Slovenia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2022-11_2271.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.