Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SI-2021-28/1948 – Updated – measures in Slovenia
|Country||Slovenia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 07 July 2021 – 31 March 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||11 July 2021 (updated 15 June 2022)|
In response to the COVID-19 crisis, the government adopted a ‘temporary layoff scheme’ and reimbursement of wage compensations to workers who cannot work due to force majeure. On the 30 June 2021, the temporary layoff scheme has expired (see Eurofound website, Case SI-2020-11/436 ), but some other wage related compensations have remained in force. They address workers who cannot work due to force majeure: workers who look after children during the closure of schools and kindergartens; workers who cannot come to work on the grounds of the suspension of public transport or ban on the border crossing; workers in quarantine.
Urgent Health Measures Act (ZNUPZ), adopted by the Parliament on 7 July 2021, has extended wage related compensation due to force majeure . Employers may request wage compensation for workers in the following situations:
Wage compensation is limited to 80% of the wage basis but cannot be lower than a minimum wage. An exception is a worker who is in quarantine after contact with an infected person in the workplace. In this case, the worker receives full wage compensation.
The measure addresses all companies apart from companies, directly or indirectly financed by the state budget, financial and insurance companies with more than ten employees, embassies, and foreign organisations.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|27 December 2021||
The tenth COVID-19 law (ZDUPŠOP), adopted by the Parliament on 27 December 2021, extends wage-related compensation due to force majeure until 31 March 2022. The government can prolong the measure for another three months upon decree.
Since 4 December 2021, also self-employed, entrepreneurs/associates and farmers are entitled to wage-related compensation due to force majeure. The compensation amounts to €250 for a ten-day quarantine, €500 for a twenty-day quarantine and €750 for a month ( Urgent Health Measures Act , ZNUPZ). Partial compensation for the lost income is extended until 28 February 2022 ( Decision on the extension of the measure of partially damaged lost income for the duration of quarantine at home or inability to perform work due to force majeure due to the obligation of childcare , adopted on 23 December 2021).
|21 September 2021||
The web portal MMC RTV stressed that only employees are entitled to wage-related compensation due to force majeure. The ministry of economy proposed self-employed to be eligible for this measure, but the government disagreed. The discriminatory measure particularly hurts self-employed persons who cannot work at home. Workers who are employed with the self-employed person can get compensation.
|27 November 2020||
The sixth COVID-19 law (ZIUOPDVE), adopted by the Parliament on 25 November 2020, gives partial compensation for the lost income to self-employed, associates and farmers. Entitled are persons who are in quarantine, whose children are in quarantine or whose children cannot go to school or kindergarten due to force majeure (eligible are children until fifth grade and disabled children). The compensation amounts to €250 for a ten-day quarantine, €500 for a twenty-day quarantine and €750 for a month. The measure is valid until 30 June 2021
Employment Service of Slovenia administers employers’ requests for compensations. The measure is valid until 31 December 2021.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The ninth COVID-19 law was adopted without the Economic and Social Council (ESS) involvement. Trade unions left ESS on 14 May 2021, accusing the government of breaching the rules on tripartite social dialogue and sending laws to the parliament without prior negotiations in ESS. Apart from procedural breaches, tax reform was one of the content-related issues which drove trade unions into conflict with the government. They oppose the introduction of the social security cap and other ‘tax gifts’ on the ground that tax cuts would generate a hole in tax revenues and jeopardize social services. They announced the escalation of social conflicts in the following months.
Employer organizations proposed a one-time grant for all companies, partially or fully prevented from operating their economic activities due to confinement measures. Their proposal was not accepted. Not accepted were also their proposals to extent temporary layoff scheme (see [Eurofound website, Case SI-2020-11/436] (https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2020-11_436.html)) and a €50 reimbursement of the minimum wage (see [Eurofound website, Case SI-2021-1/1781] (https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2021-1_1781.html) until 31 December 2021.
Eurofound (2021), Wage related compensation due to force majeure, measure SI-2021-28/1948 (measures in Slovenia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2021-28_1948.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.