Factsheet for case SI-2020-23/904 – Updated – measures in Slovenia
|Country||Slovenia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 June 2020 – 30 June 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g. short-time work)
|Author||Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound|
|Case created||02 July 2020 (updated 24 February 2021)|
On 30 May 2020, the government issued the third COVID-19 Law (Act Determining the Intervention Measures to Mitigate and Remedy the Consequences of the COVID-19 Epidemic, ZIUOOPE). Among many provisional measures, the most important is the short-time work subsidies scheme. The Labour Ministry will subsidise up to 50% of working time. For the time when a worker will not work, their employer will pay an allowance of 80% of the wage and subsequently be compensated by the state. Employers who cannot provide at least 10% of their employees with 90% of normal working time, i.e. 36 hours of work per week, will meet the basic qualifying condition for the subsidy. Employers can apply for this measure every month in the period from 1 June to 31 December 2020
The measure aims at the protection and retention of jobs. The measure helps companies to overcome temporary stagnation and prevent layoffs by subsidising up to 50% of full-time wages. Workers covered by short-time subsidies scheme work at least 20 hours a week while, for the remaining working time, they are temporary laid off. For this part of working time (from 5 to 20 hours a week), the state pays monthly wage compensation:
Employers must meet the following conditions:
An employee who temporarily works short-time retains all rights and obligations as he or she would work full-time. Temporary short-time employees may register at the Employment Service and participate in active labour market policy measures. During short-time scheme, employers are not allowed to:
Slovenian employers have submitted requests for short-time work subsidies for 20,556 employees just a week after the introduction of the scheme designed to help businesses, show data by the Employment Service. The short-time measure seems to be much less popular than the temporary layoff scheme. While Employment Service has received requests for 369,454 temporary laid-off employees, there were 6,790 requests for 36,128 part-time employees until August 2020.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Negotiations between social partners were blocked because the new government, which came to power on 13 March 2020, had not appointed its members in the Economic and Social Council. On 20 April, trade unions protested against the exclusion of social partners in the preparation of emergency laws. They demanded the reactivation of the Economic and Social Council. The first meeting of the Economic and Social Council was held not before 15 May 2020. The Council then became involved in negotiations about the third emergency law ZIUOOPE, issued on 30 May 2020
Trade unions and, interestingly, employer organisations as well suggested a temporary ban (of three months after the epidemics) on dismissals of workers for whom companies receive reimbursement of wage compensation. The legislator has not agreed to their proposal, so emergency laws do not determine temporary employment security and workers can be dismissed when state subsidies expire.
Eurofound (2020), Subsidies for short-time work, case SI-2020-23/904 (measures in Slovenia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.