Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SI-2020-18/908 – Updated – measures in Slovenia
|Country||Slovenia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 May 2020 – 30 June 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Support for spending, stimulus packages
|Author||Maja Breznik (University of Ljubljana) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||02 July 2020 (updated 31 January 2022)|
The second and the third COVID-19 laws bring a lot of measures to get sectors, most hit by the epidemics, back to the normal. Measures include various projects:
Measures particularly address these sectors: tourism and hospitality, road transport, agriculture, manufacturing and others.
The second COVID-19 law intends to boost investments in the construction sector by an accelerated procedure in obtaining building permits. The law requires, for example, more rigid criteria from environmental organisations (at least 50 active members, 3 full-time employees holding a diploma in natural sciences, €10,000 of assets in the last three years) to participate in the procedure.
The second and third COVID-19 laws help the tourist and hospitality sectors with tourist vouchers. Tourist agencies and organisers of sports events may issue vouchers instead of reimbursement for unrealised travels or events. Payment moratorium expires in 24 months. In order to revitalise the tourist sector, each permanent resident of Slovenia gets tourist vouchers (adults €200, minors €50), valid until 31 December 2020, to be spent on accommodation. The government estimates the cost of tourist vouchers at €345 million, while the multiplier effects are estimated to be €172 million.
State grants and loans co-finance the loss of income in tourism and hospitality, provide support for manufacturing in the affected border areas, encourage digitalisation of companies and development projects. Micro, small and medium-sized companies as well as large companies affected by the pandemic are eligible. On top of this, the state gives €35 million to companies in the road transport industry, financial aid for managers of ski lifts, ranging from €1,000 to €12,200 per lift.
Businesses meet less strict requirements for obtaining co-financing of investments until 30 June 2021. The incentives will be granted if the investment creates at least 10 jobs in the manufacturing or service sector, or 3 jobs in research and development within three years after its completion. The minimum threshold for investments is €12 million in manufacturing, €3 million in the service sector, and €2 million in research and development.
Agricultural businesses may profit from less rigid requirements for building greenhouses, irrigation systems, and plantations until 31 December 2020, subsidies for the exploitation of geothermal energy for farming, or more favorable rents (discounted or free of charge) in agriculture.
More rigid criteria for environmental organisations raise concern in the public since new rules exclude environmental organisations from the procedure in obtaining the building permit. It is believed that new rules jeopardise the protection of nature. Adoption of this regulation is one of the motives for mass protests held every Friday evening. Ten protests so far gathered from a few thousand to ten thousand people. Other issues of disputes are corruption in the procurement of security and medical equipment, replacement of some top officials, the extension of the powers of the military, police brutality and others.
The Institute of Macroeconomic Analysis and Development (UMAR) issued a study on the impact of COVID-19 epidemic on the tourist sector. It quotes data of the Statistical Office from the year 2017 when the tourist sector had a share of 8.4% in GDP and employed about 55,000 employees. Seventy per cent of income came from foreign tourists, including daily and transit guests. The closure of borders and accommodation facilities during the epidemic brought down the tourist activities. In April 2020 the income was cut by 86% compared to April 2019. Only the food delivery at home was prosperous but limited to urban settlements.
Tourist vouchers were supposed to boost tourism after the epidemic. The Ministry of Economic presupposed that about 70% of vouchers will be redeemed. On 23 August, this plan was far from being realised. The Financial Administration reported that about 20% of all tourist vouchers were redeemed until 23 August 2020. The proprietors of tourist vouchers have time to spend them until 31 December 2020.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Up to 15 May 2020, social partners communicated with the government mostly by the written proposals. Negotiations between social partners were blocked because the new government, which came to power on 13 March 2020, had not appointed its members in the Economic and Social Council. On 20 April, trade unions protested against the exclusion of social partners in the preparation of emergency laws. They demanded the reactivation of the Economic and Social Council. The first meeting of the Economic and Social Council was held not before 15 May 2020. Since 15 May, the Council is involved in negotiations about next emergency laws.
Both laws adopted many proposals of employer organisations. However, in their written comments on the third emergency law (ZIUZEOP ), four employer organisations mention some solutions which were not adopted: a restriction on the raise of the minimum wage in January 2021, less complicated obtaining of permits for work at home after the epidemics, state compensation of rents etc.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing||A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities|
|C - Manufacturing||C10 Manufacture of food products|
|C11 Manufacture of beverages|
|C12 Manufacture of tobacco products|
|C13 Manufacture of textiles|
|C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel|
|C15 Manufacture of leather and related products|
|C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials|
|C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products|
|C18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media|
|C19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products|
|C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products|
|C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations|
|C22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products|
|C23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products|
|C24 Manufacture of basic metals|
|C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment|
|C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products|
|C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment|
|C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Set of measures to sustain the sectors most hit by the pandemic, measure SI-2020-18/908 (measures in Slovenia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SI-2020-18_908.html
30 January 2023
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.