Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SE-2022-27/2965 – measures in Sweden
|Country||Sweden , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 July 2022|
|Context||Green Transition, Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Reorientation of business activities
|Author||Anna-Karin Gustafsson (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||31 October 2022 (updated 10 November 2022)|
The ban on extraction of several fossil energy sources is primarily described as a measure to reduce emissions. It is also seen as a vehicle with which more resources can be made available for extraction of minerals that is necessary for the green conversion. The amendment passed the parliament four years after it approved a bill that prohibits uranium mining.
The amendment of the environment code [1998:808] and the mineral law [1991:45] prohibits any extraction of oil, coal and natural gas in Sweden. Applications to set up such activitites will not be granted by Swedish authorities after the bill is introduced. The bill also means that the listed minerals will lose the status as so called concession minerals that are considered to be vital for industry and society. Besides applying to oil, coal and natural gas, it also incudes new rules that would limit alum shale extraction. Extraction for some research purposes is however excepted. Specifically, the bill will allow the extraction and storing of the equivalent of 100,000 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide.
The amendment has been criticized for being symbolic since there are very few operations in Sweden dealing with the minerals it adresses. In May 2022, only one company had an extraction permit for natural gas whereas a handful where, mainly, prospecting for natural gas. No company has neither prospected nor extracted any of the types of coal that is listed in the bill.
|Does not apply to workers||
||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The measure underwent a round of consultations
The trade association, Svemin, that gathers mining companies in Sweden has criticized the bill, claiming it will make it harder to extract essential minerals. One example of this is the suggested limitation of which biproducts of mining that companies can use. By removing coal form the list of concession minerals, companies need to treat it as waste, ehch in turn will increase the ecohazards associated with mining and the costs. Svemin clais that the latter could mean that mining for essential minerals will be unprofitable.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|B - Mining And Quarrying||B5 Mining of coal and lignite|
|B6 Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2022), Ban on new coal mining, natural gas and oil extraction projects, measure SE-2022-27/2965 (measures in Sweden), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SE-2022-27_2965.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.