European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure SE-2022-23/2825 – measures in Sweden

European Social Fund to help Ukrainian refugees find employment

Ändring i socialfondsprogrammet för att få fler ukrainare i arbete

Country Sweden , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 02 June 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Other initiatives or policies
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Anna-Karin Gustafsson (Oxford Research) and Eurofound
Measure added 09 September 2022 (updated 19 September 2022)

Background information

The Swedish government and authorities have taken a series of measures to help Ukrainian refugees find work. Among them are language training, additional vocational education and an introduction to Swedish society and culture. Via the EU-initiative Care, membership countries are permitted to redistribute resources from several EU-funds, such as the European Social Fund (ESF), and use these to aid refugees. This facilitates necessary help initiatives such as the building of shelters or securing sanitation, but also labour market measures.

Since the EU-mechanism for temporary protection under the Directive on Temporary Protection 2001/55/EC was activated, Ukrainian refugees have the right to work during their stay in an EU-country.

Content of measure

The Swedish government is to redistribute SEK 885 million (€83 million) of ESF-funds to help Ukrainian refugees find work. The funds are what remains from the national ESF-program period of 2014-2020. Local and regional agencies, enterprises and civic organisations will all be able to apply for funding to the national ESF-council and the suggested using is for job matching measures, language training or vocational education. The council should especially consider projects related to industrial development in northern Sweden. Eligible projects must be on either a national or regional level. The expected results are that an increasing number of Ukrainians are participating in measures that would assist their entry to the Swedish labour market.

The redistribution of the funds has to be be approved by the European Commission.

Use of measure

Applying for the funds has been possible since the beginning of June. It is however not at this stage known how many applications that have been granted and how much of the funds that remain. The ESF-council has so far not given any updates on the number or size of applications.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
European Funds
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


The measure is outside social partner main domain.

Views and reactions

The measure is outside social partner main domain.


  • 02 June 2022: More Ukrainians to get into work (Fler ukrainare ska kunna komma i arbete) (


Eurofound (2022), European Social Fund to help Ukrainian refugees find employment, measure SE-2022-23/2825 (measures in Sweden), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. As winter approaches, preventing and addressing energy poverty becomes a priority. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound’s EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.