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Factsheet for measure SE-1984-1/2554 – measures in Sweden

Support for starting a business

Stöd till start av Näringsverksamhet

Country Sweden , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 January 1984
Context Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Anna-Karin Gustafsson (Oxford Research) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 07 November 2022)

Background information

The purpose of this measure is to help unemployed people or those facing dismissals and who are capable of starting a business by providing them with financial support during the start-up phase. The public employment service offers to counsel and advises when starting the business. In some areas, PES also offers informational meetings and education in entrepreneurship.

Content of measure

This instrument is available for people who are registered as unemployed or who are facing dismissal and have an approved business concept by the Swedish public employment service (satisfactory level of profitability and long-term job stability).

Applicants must fulfil the following conditions:

  • be over 18 years of age

  • unemployed or facing dismissal

  • have a business idea that can lead to sufficient income

The support payment is for a maximum of six months and the amount equals the amount as the unemployment benefit. This means that the individual receives reimbursement between SEK 910 (€90) and SEK 365 (€36) a day. Applicants with a disability may receive extra support worth SEK 60,000 (€6,000).

The public employment service offers counseling and informational meetings and advises when starting the business.

Use of measure

A total of 6,667 participants received support for starting/continuing a business programme in 2017. In 2018, this number was 4,863. Foreign-born accounted for 38% of all participants in 2017 and 41% in 2018. The proportion has increased each year. As of 2018, bigger efforts are made towards increasing the level of participants from the group of foreign-born women.  People with disabilities that result in reduced workforce accounted for approximately 13% in 2017. In 2018, this number had increased to 16%. 

Compared with other labour market support programmes in Sweden, this instrument has normally the best outcome in terms of employment figures. In 2017, 81.6 % of those who left the programme was working 180 days later. In 2018, this figure was 80.7%. An examination made by the Swedish National Audit Office in 2012 shows that the support has positive effects on the individual's employment. However, the effect is smaller for immigrants. One reason is said to be the lack of a long-term action plan by the Swedish public employment service after the individual has started his or her business. Long-term action plans are more common among Swedes receiving support for starting a business than for immigrants.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public employment service
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown



Views and reactions




Eurofound (2022), Support for starting a business, measure SE-1984-1/2554 (measures in Sweden), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.