European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure RO-2022-27/2893 Updated – measures in Romania

Preparing teachers to address needs of Ukrainian children

Asigurarea resursei umane necesare, cadre didactice române și ucrainene

Country Romania , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 29 June 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Access to childcare and education
Author Nicoleta Voicu (Association Center for Public Innovation)
Measure added 14 September 2022 (updated 06 March 2023)

Background information

The emergency ordinance establishes exceptional measures in the fields of health, education, employment, housing, vulnerable persons and children and young people, in order to facilitate the inclusion of displaced persons from Ukraine into Romanian society. The National Plan of Measures for the Protection and Inclusion of Displaced Persons from Ukraine, Beneficiaries of Temporary Protection in Romania includes:

  • Cross-cutting measures to address the need for information, identification and facilitation of access to services for displaced persons from Ukraine - beneficiaries of temporary protection in Romania,
  • Measures aimed to develop mechanisms to prevent the risks associated with human trafficking, given the context of vulnerability in which these persons find themselves and the fact that approximately 70% of them are women and mothers with minor children.

The Emergency Ordinance also aims to amend Law No. 678/2001 9 (on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings), the measure being motivated by the need to improve the National Mechanism for the Identification and Referral of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings, thus making it more effective and legally binding.

Content of measure

The measure includes specific activities such as:

  • Fixed-term employment of retired or associated teachers and students with knowledge of Ukrainian language in schools where Ukrainian children/students are enrolled as auditors.
  • Training of teachers to teach the intensive preparatory Romanian language course for Ukrainian children.
  • Continuous training of teachers on socio-emotional support of Ukrainian children/pupils and communication with their parents to facilitate integration.
  • Qualifications recognition of persons from Ukraine who have acquired a form of protection and who can be documented, including bachelor's, master's, doctoral level qualifications, which can lead to the exercise of the teaching profession.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

13 January 2023

To facilitate the enrolment of Ukrainian children into the Romanian educational system, additional human resources were provided by employing more Romanian and Ukrainian teachers, as well as providing the necessary material resources and allowances for food, school supplies, and clothing. Teachers were trained to give intensive preparatory Romanian language courses for Ukrainian children. Trainings are also provided on inclusive education, psychosocial support, and communication with Ukrainian parents to facilitate integration and to provide psycho-pedagogical assistance and counselling. Ukrainian refugees receive information on accessing the education system in Romania, as well as the online education platform established by Ukrainian authorities. Children and families were provided with basic learning materials and recreational kits. Temporary Learning Spaces are available to support children with education and extracurricular activities.

Use of measure

Monthly, at least 50 teachers will be involved in teaching Ukrainian language and 100 teachers will be trained. According to the figures provided by the Romanian Government on 13 January 2023:

  • 3,087 children registered as listeners (1,092 preschoolers and 1,995 students).
  • 882 children enrolled in schools in Romania (288 preschoolers and 594 students).
  • 4,060 children and youth participating in bridge courses/remedial/catch up classes and extracurricular activities including language courses.
  • 6,516 children and youth have received recreational and basic learning materials and recreational kits.
  • 262 educators trained on quality, safe, and inclusive education and mental health and psychosocial support.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Particular professions
Migrants or refugees in employment
Does not apply to businesses Children (minors)
Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
European Funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


The only public information is that working groups were established at the level of the Ministries but there is no information about the members of the working groups.

Views and reactions

There is no publicly available information about the social partners' views or reaction on the measure.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      P - Education P85 Education
    • Occupation (ISCO level 2)
      Teaching professionals


  • 29 June 2022: Ordonanţă de urgenţă nr. 100 din 29 iunie 2022 (
  • 13 January 2023: Romania's Response to the Ukrainian Refugee Crisis (Răspunsul României la criza umanitară a refugiaților ucraineni) (


Eurofound (2022), Preparing teachers to address needs of Ukrainian children, measure RO-2022-27/2893 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.