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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure RO-2022-14/2391 – measures in Romania

Energy prices capping: Temporary benefits for consumers

Noua plafonare a prețurilor în energie – beneficii temporare pentru consumatori

Country Romania , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 April 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
Author Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound
Measure added 20 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)

Background information

The new emergency ordinance Nr. 27 from 18 March 2022 acts to ensure the capping of the end-user tariffs, but it also includes an extension of the charges for electricity producers, both in time and scope. As regards household consumers, it was necessary that the period during which they need to be given support to pay their electricity and gas bills should be extended. Due to the price increases on the international electricity and gas markets and the effects caused by these increases, it was necessary to maintain the capping of electricity and gas prices in the coming period so that the final prices invoiced and paid by household and non-household consumers do not worsen the level of energy poverty and economic activity.

Content of measure

The ordinance imposes new price caps for consumers, namely RON 0.68 per kilowatt-hour for an average monthly consumption of less than or equal to 100 kilowatt-hour (recorded in 2021), and RON 0.8 per kilowatt-hour for an average monthly consumption between 100 and 300 kilowatt-hour, for electricity. For gas, the maximum price is RON 0.31 per kilowatt-hour, regardless of the quantity consumed. The ceilings include VAT and apply to distributors supplying final consumers. The previsions of the ordinance are applicable to final customers of electricity and gas from 1 April 2022 to 31 March 2023. A similar ordinance adopted last autumn introduced an 80% tax on additional income from renewable electricity producers. The provision has been carried over into the new ordinance and has been extended both in terms of period, by one year, and in terms of scope, for all electricity producers, regardless of source.

Use of measure

No information to date.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Companies providing essential services
Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


There is no publicly available information about the social partners' involvement in designing, implementing and monitoring the measure.

Views and reactions

There is no publicly available information about the social partners' views or reaction on the measure.



Eurofound (2022), Energy prices capping: Temporary benefits for consumers, measure RO-2022-14/2391 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

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