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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure RO-2022-11/2387 – measures in Romania

Access to education for people from Ukraine

Access la servicii de educație pentru persoanele care provin din zona conflictului armat din Ucraina

Country Romania , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 08 March 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Access to childcare and education
Author Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound
Measure added 20 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)

Background information

The ordinance amended and supplemented certain legislative acts and establishing certain support measures and humanitarian assistance for Ukrainian citizens and war-affected stateless persons. The document refers to the schooling of refugees from Ukraine - Ukrainian citizens or not - on Romanian territory, if they wish. By derogation, for Ukrainian citizens and refugees from Ukraine, the order states that they may enroll at any time.

Content of measure

The right to education

  • Ukrainian children on Romanian territory, including those who do not request protection under the Asylum Law, benefit from the right to education in Romanian schools under the same conditions and from the same budgets with Romanian preschoolers, preschoolers and students. At the same time, they will have the right to free accommodation in boarding schools, food allowance, and the right to barracks, respectively: supplies, clothing, footwear, textbooks.
  • The Ministry of Education, through the school inspectorates, will ensure the human resource for the inclusion of all minors in the educational programs, by ensuring the human resource necessary for the development of teaching activities. In case the human resource is insufficient, the didactic activity and the school counseling activity will be able to be carried out by the students from the state / private universities from Romania or by retired teachers.
  • In addition, the Ukrainian children will benefit from the examination of the health condition in the educational units, and in case they are not vaccinated, they can benefit from the vaccination scheme according to the National Vaccination Program developed by the Ministry of Health.
  • The Romanian state will also ensure the right to benefit from free of charge for all categories of transport provided by law, for orphaned students, students with special educational needs, as well as those for whom a special protection measure has been established. The right to allocation of basic food to all children in primary and secondary education provided through ongoing social programs.

University students

  • In order to include students from Ukraine in Romanian universities, the Ministry of Education will be able to approve in the academic years 2021-2022 and 2022-2023 universities / higher education institutions an additional number of places - within the limit of 20% of the established schooling capacity by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education for the requested study program.

Accommodation for pupils and university students

  • For refugees accommodated in the spaces of state and private pre-university education units and state and private university education institutions, a subsidy for accommodation is granted RON 50 (€10) per refugee per day and meals in the amount of RON 20 (€4) per refugee per day, on a up to 90 days.

Use of measure

An estimated number is 18,000 children (4 March 2022) who can access the education system.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Children (minors)
Youth (18-25)
Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A

Involvement

There is no publicly available information about the social partners' involvement in designing, implementing and monitoring the measure.

Views and reactions

There is no publicly available information about the social partners' views or reaction on the measure.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      P - Education P85 Education

This case is not occupation-specific.

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Access to education for people from Ukraine , measure RO-2022-11/2387 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/RO-2022-11_2387.html

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